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Team Members by Research Area

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Team Members by Research Area




Power and Energy Systems Team Members


 

 

Randy Bewleyhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=13Randy BewleyRandy L. Bewley is a battery test engineer at Idaho National Laboratory’s Battery Test Center, providing performance science evaluation of advanced prototype lithium polymer batteries for the United States Advanced Battery Consortium and other projects. He holds an associate of applied science degree in electronics from Idaho State University. Most recently he has served as lab space coordinator for the Systems Integration Lab and principal researcher and lab space coordinator for the Battery Test Center.  He holds one patent developed at INL for the Feedback Enhanced Plasma Spray Tool.<div class="ExternalClass32EB62BFF1F94FD09A7C89E9B4BB5B05"><p>​A.A.S., Electronics - Idaho State University</p></div>Power and Energy Systems;Hydrogen and Fuel Cells;Energy Storagehttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Randy4-800.jpgLab Space Coordinator
Rob Hovsapian, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=23Rob Hovsapian, Ph.D.Dr. Rob Hovsapian is a research scientist at Idaho National Laboratory, holding the position of power and energy integration group lead, the principle investigator for advanced energy system research. He earned his doctorate in mechanical engineering – Energy Systems in 2009 from Florida State University with his dissertation “Thermodynamic Optimization of a Solar System for Cogeneration of Water Heating/Purification and Absorption Cooling.” Prior to joining INL he was a program manager for USNAVY – ONR’s The Electric Ship Research and Development Consortium (ESRDC) a $96Mil 10 year research & development program.  His industry experience has been with General Dynamics, as a computer integrated manufacturing manager developed one of the earlier integrated 3D printing; with Northrop-Grumman, as an integrated product team leader and system architect; and with Northrup-Grumman/TRW as a program manager in the Pacific Rim. He has been responsible for the successful establishment /deployment of several advanced flexible manufacturing startup facilities globally. While working for INL, from January 2012 to September 2013 he was stationed at the Energy Department’s headquarters in Washington, D.C., providing management and operating support to the Wind and Water program.<div class="ExternalClassB77AEB76DB954AC59A7BA4634E932C5A"><p>​Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering - Florida State University</p><p>M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Florida State University</p><p>B.S., Mechanical Engineering - University of Alabama</p><p>A.S., Science - Gadsen State Jr. College</p></div><div class="ExternalClass94E20E7C959E47039EA420B9923A5AC4"><p>​Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)<br>American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)<br>Engineers Without Borders (EWB) </p></div><div class="ExternalClassC83142012ADB47F4A4497DF6463937BF"><p>"Significance of Dynamic and Transient Analysis in the Design and Operation of Hybrid Energy Systems", Mayank Panwar, Manish Mohanpurkar, Julian D. Osorio, Rob Hovsapian, <a href="http://meetings.ans.org/npic-hmit2015/"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">9th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human Machine Interface Technologies (NPIC&HMIT 2015)</span></a>.</p><p> </p><p>"Dynamic Modeling of Adjustable-Speed Pumped Storage Hydropower Plant", E. Muljadi, M. Singh, V. Gevorgian, M. Mohanpurkar, R. Hovsapian, IEEE PES General Meeting 2015.</p><p> </p><p>"Wake Flow Simulations for a Mid-Sized Rim Driven Wind Turbine", Accepted - 32nd AIAA Applied Aerodynamics Conference - Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition 2014.</p><p> </p><p>"Temperature and Pressure Drop Model for Gaseous Helium Cooled Superconducting DC Cables", Ordonez, Juan C., Souza, Jeferson A,  Shah, Darshit R., Vargas, José V. C., Hovsapian, Rob, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity (Print), v. 23, p. 5402005-5402005, 2013.</p><p> </p><p>"Enhancing Senior Capstone Design Course Through International and Multidisciplinary Projects",  R. Hovsapian, C. Shih, O. Okoli, Florida A&M University/Florida State University 118th American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, 2012 San Antonio, Texas.</p><p> </p><p>"Variable Speed Direct Drive Wind Controller For a Rim Driven Wind Turbine", C. Hubbard, R. Hovsapian, S. Kosaraju, Proceedings of the ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability.</p><p> </p><p>"Performance Evaluation of Experimental Rim-Drive Wind Turbine", S. Kosaraju, R. Hovsapian, Proceedings of the ASME 2012 6th International Conference on Energy Sustainability.</p><p> </p><p>"A Mesh Generation Strategy for Representing Hull Geometry in ESRDC Ship Thermal Simulation and Visualization", Dilay, Emerson, Vargas, José Viriato Coelho, Ordonez, Juan Carlos, Hovsapian, Rob, Chalfant, J., Chryssostomidis, C., 2012 Summer Simulation Multiconference - Grand Challenges in Modeling & Simulation 2012, Genova. GCMS 2012 - SCS, 2012. v.1. p.1-10.</p><p> </p><p>"An Overview of Our Experience Integrating Multidisciplinary and International Design Projects within the Senior Capstone Design Course", R. Hovsapian, C. Shih, B. Harvey, O. Okoli, Florida A&M University/Florida State University 118th American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Annual Conference, 2011 Vancouver, British Columbia.</p><p> </p><p>"ESRDC Ship Notional Baseline Medium Voltage Direct Current (MVDC) Architecture Thermal Simulation and Visualization", J. C. Vargas, J. Souza, R. Hovsapian, J. C.  Ordonez, T.  Chiocchio, J. Chalfant and C. Chryssostomidis, Grand Challenges in Modeling & Simulation Part of the 2011 Summer Simulation  Multiconference 2011 (SummerSim 2011) The Hague, Netherlands.</p><p> </p><p>"POWER CURVE DATA ANALYSIS FOR RIM DRIVEN WIND TURBINE", Rankin, R. Hovsapian, S. Poroseva, ASME 2011 Early Career Technical Journal - Vol. 10.</p><p> </p><p>"Thermal Modeling of Helium Cooled High-Temperature Superconducting DC Transmission Cable", J.A. Souza, J.C. Ordonez, R. Hovsapian, J.V.C. Vargas, Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on , vol.21, issue 3, no.99, pp. 947-952, 2011.</p><p> </p><p>"Cross-Platform Validation of Notional Baseline Architecture Models of Naval Electric Ship Power Systems", H. Ali, R. Dougal, A.Ouroua, R. Hebner, M. Steurer, M. Andrus, J.Langston, K. Schoder, R. Hovsapian University of South Carolina, IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium, Alexandria, Virginia, 2011, pp78-83.</p><p> </p><p>"Control Volume based Thermodynamic Modeling Applied to the Thermal Management of a Notional All-Electric Ship", J.A. Souza, J.C. Ordonez, J.V.C. Vargas, R. Hovsapian, IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium, Alexandria, Virginia, 2011.</p><p> </p><p>"ESRDC Ship Notional Baseline Medium Voltage Direct Current (MVDC) Architecture Thermal Simulation and Visualization," J.V.C. Vargas, J.A. Souza, R. Hovsapian, J.C. Ordonez, T. Chiocchio, J. Chalfant and C. Chryssostomidis, Grand Challenges in Modeling and Simulation Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, June 2011.</p><p> </p><p>"Thermal Modeling of High-Temperature Superconducting DC Transmission Cable", J. A. Souza, J. C. Ordonez, R. Hovsapian and J. C. Vargas, Applied Superconductivity Conference (ASC), Washington, D.C 2010, August 1- 6, 2011.</p><p> </p><p>"Notional All-Electric Ship Systems Integration Thermal Simulation and Visualization", Vargas, J.V.C., Souza, Jeferson Ávila,  Hovsapian, R., Ordonez, Juan Carlos, Chiocchio, T., Chalfant J.,  Chryssostomidis, C.,  Dilay, Emerson, Simulation (San Diego, Calif.), v. 88, p. 1116-1128, 2012.</p><p> </p><p>"Visualization tool for notional all-electric ships data bases", Souza, Jeferson, Ávila, O`Lary, Franklin, Hovsapian, R , Ordonez, Juan Carlos, Vargas, J.V.C., Chalfant, J., Summer Simulation Multiconference, 2010, Ottawa, Canada. Grand Challenges in Modeling & Simulation, July 11-14, 2010. v.1. p.1-10.</p><p> </p><p>"Notional All-Electric Ship Thermal Simulation and Visualization", F. Dias, J. Sauza, J. Ordonez, J. Vargas, R. Hovsapian, Amy Jr, J. V., IEEE Electric Ship Technologies Symposium. Baltimore, MD 2009.</p><p> </p><p>"Notional Thermal Database Visualization Tool for All-Electric Ships", Souza, Jeferson Ávila, Hovsapian R., Ordonez, Juan Carlos, Vargas, J.V.C, The Huntsville Simulation Conference, 2009, Huntsville, Alabama, USA. HSC Proceedings 2009, 2009. v.1. p.1-1.</p><p> </p><p>"Modeling and Simulation of the Thermal and Psychrometric Transient Response of All Electric Ships, Internal Compartments and Cabinets", J.C. Ordonez, J.V.C. Vargas, R. Hovsapian, Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International Manuscript v. 84, p. 427-439, March 2008.</p><p> </p><p>"Modeling, Simulation and Optimization of a Solar System for Water Heating and Absorption Cooling", J.C.Varga, J.C. Ordonez, R. Hovsapian, F. G. Dias, Energy Sustainability 2008, Jacksonville, FL 2008, Proceedings of ES2008, New York, ASME, 2008. v. 1. p. 1-10.        </p><p> </p><p>"All electric ships, internal compartments and cabinets thermal and psychrometric Simulation", J.C.Vargas, J.C. Ordonez, R. Hovsapian, F. G. Dias, Grand Challenges in Modeling & Simulation (GCMS'08)  Edinburgh, Scotland 2008.</p><p> </p><p>"Thermodynamic Optimization of a Solar System for Cogeneration of Heat and Cold", R. Hovsapian, J.C.Vargas, J.C. Ordonez, Krothapalli, Anjeneyulu, Parise, Jose and Berndsen, Julio, International Journal of Energy Research, v.32, p.1210-122, 2008 </p><p> </p><p>"Modeling and simulation of the heart's temperature distribution in cardiac surgeries as a function of the coronary blood flow", Dias, Fernando Gallego,  Vargas, J. V. C., Brioschi, Marcos Leal , Ordonez, Juan Carlos ; Hovsapian, R., 12th Brazilian Congress of Thermal Engineering and Sciences, 2008, Belo Horizonte, Proceedings of ENCIT 2008, Rio de Janeiro, ABCM, 2008. v.1. p.1-8.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p>"Modeling and Simulation of the Thermal and Psychrometric Transient Response of All Electric Ships, Internal Compartments and Cabinets", J.C.Vargas, J.C. Ordonez, and R. Hovsapian, Summer Computer Simulation Conference, SCSC2007, July 15-18, 2007, San Diego CA.</p><p> </p><p>"Optimal electrical design of spherical photovoltaic cells", A.M. Morega, J.C. Ordonez, P.A. Negoias, M. Morega, and R. Hovsapian, COMSOL Conference Prague October 2006.</p><p> </p><p>"Thermodynamic analysis of 5MW dynamometer set to simulate ship propulsion and propulsion load of an electrical ship", R. Hovsapian, J.C. Ordonez, J. V. C. Vargas, P. G. McLaren, The Brazilian Congress of Thermal Engineering and Sciences – ENCIT 06.</p><p> </p><p>"The CAPS-SNL power system security testbed", J. Tang, R.Hovsapian, M. Sloderbeck, J. Langston, R. Meeker,P.G. McLaren, D.Becker, B. Richardson,  M. Baca, J. Trent, Z. Hartley, R. Parks, S. Smith, CRIS, Third International Conference on Critical Infrastructures, Alexandria, VA, September  2006.</p><p> </p><p>"Spherical Photovoltaic Cells – A Constructal Approach to their Optimization", A.M.  Morega, J.C. Ordonez, A.P. Negoias, and R. Hovsapian, 10th International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Equipment OPTIM '06, May, 2006, Moeciu-Braşov, Romania.</p><p> </p><p>"Military Products from Commercial Lines: Product Data Management (PDM)", Rob Hovsapian and Mark Myers, TRW Avionics System Division, Ref. Number: MI-CIM-LL003 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document), November 1998.</p><p> </p><p>"Military Products from Commercial Lines: The Quality Model", Rob Hovsapian, TRW Avionics System Division, Ref. Number: MI-CIM-LL005 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document), November 1998 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document).</p><p> </p><p>"Military Products from Commercial Lines CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing) System Integration", Rob Hovsapian, TRW Avionics System Division, Ref. Number: MI-CIM-LL004 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document), November 1996.</p><p> </p><p>"CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing) High Level Design Documentation", Rob Hovsapian, TRW Avionics System Division, Ref. Number: MI-CIM-LL002 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document), July 1996.</p><p> </p><p>"Non-intrusive Integration of CIM Upgrades", Rob Hovsapian, TRW Avionics System Division, Mary Kinsella, AF Wright Laboratory Man Tech Directorate, Ref. Number: MI-CIM-LL001 (US-Air Force – AFRL Document), October 16, 1995.</p><p> </p><p>"Design of a Lightweight High Precision Robot ARM", Z. Rob (Ossib) Hovsapian and P.J. Hollis, The Second Conference on Recent Advances in Robotics. May 1989, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida.</p><p> </p><p> </p><p>"The Design and Control of a Micron-Accuracy Robot Arm", Z. Rob (Ossib) Hovsapian and P.J. Hollis, IEEE 21st Southeastern Symposium on System Theory, March 1989, Tallahassee, Florida. </p><p> </p><p> </p></div>Power and Energy Systems;Hydrogen and Fuel Cellshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/RobLinkedIn.jpg<div class="ExternalClassC637775D2B63466DB9E89E491CB51381"><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/pub/rob-hovsapian/61/699/811">LinkedIn</a></div>Department Manager, Power and Energy Systems LRM - EERE Water Power Technologies Office LRM - Grid Modernization Lab Consortia
Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=305Boryann Liaw, Ph.D.Dr. Boryann (Bor Yann) Liaw joined Idaho National Laboratory in May 2016. The department operates the state-of-the-art Battery Technology Center (BTC), Non-destructive Battery Laboratory for Evaluation (NOBLE), and Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Laboratory (EVIL), with more than 25,000 sq. ft. of high-bay laboratory testing facility and a wide range of testing capabilities up to 750 kW, to conduct performance, reliability, safety, and failure analyses of energy storage systems. EVIL is located in the Integrated Energy Laboratory, a facility that can evaluate advanced vehicles, charging infrastructure, grid and behind-the-meter storage, microgrid and power distribution network, real time digital simulation and cybersecurity regarding integration, risk issues and control strategies with hardware-in-the-loop capability. For the past three decades, Dr. Liaw has been involved in R&D projects related to electric and hybrid vehicle evaluation and advanced battery diagnostics and prognostics. His major research activities comprise laboratory and real-life battery and vehicle testing, data collection and analysis, battery modeling and simulation, battery performance and life prediction, battery fast charging technology development, battery diagnoses and prognoses, and failure mode and effect analyses. He also expanded his endeavors to bio-fuel cells, including sugar-air alkaline battery development, and transforming ambient energy resources into useful power sources for portable or stationary applications. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from the National Tsinghua University in Taiwan, his master’s in chemistry from the University of Georgia, and his doctorate in materials science and engineering from Stanford University. He conducted his post-doctoral fellowship research at the Max-Plank Institute of Solid State Research in Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Liaw has co-authored more than 170 technical papers, eight book chapters, and ten patents and patent applications. He is a Fellow of the Electrochemical Society. He has been actively involving in professional services, including serving in several editorial boards, associate editorships, past President of International Battery Materials Association, and Scientific Advisors for several international programs and DOE EFRC.<div class="ExternalClass8DFB2D417F704D988FB3616CACD8FCC9"><p>​Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering - Stanford University</p><p>M.S., Chemistry -  University of Georgia</p><p>B.S., Chemistry - National Tsing-Hua University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass54E7820846D04ECDB6216C63AC61EA2E"><p>​</p><p><span aria-hidden="true"></span>A.W. Abboud, E.J. Dufek, B. Liaw, “Implications of local current density variations on lithium metal electrode affected by cathode particle size.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 166 (2019) A667–A669.</p><p><br>Z. Bao, Y. Cui, E. Dufek, J. Goodenough, P. Khalifah, Q. Li, B.Y. Liaw, A. Manthiram, Y.S. Meng, et al. “Challenges for Building the Next Rechargeable Lithium Batteries.” Nat. Energy 4 (2019) 180–186.  DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x"><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><font color="#0066cc">https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-019-0338-x</font></span></a>.</p><p><br>Z. Chu, X. Feng, B. Liaw, Y. Li, L. Lu, J. Li, X. Han, M. Ouyang, "Testing lithium-ion battery with the internal reference electrode: An insight into the blocking effect." J. Electrochem. Soc. 165 (2018) A2340–3248.</p><p><br>S.C. Nagpure, T.R. Tanim, E.J. Dufek, V.V. Viswanathan, A.J. Crawford, S.M. Wood, J. Xiao, C.C. Dickerson, B. Liaw, “Impacts of lean electrolyte on cycle life for rechargeable Li metal batteries.” J. Power Sources 407 (2018) 53–62.</p><p><br>S.M. Wood, C. Fang, E.J. Dufek, S.C. Nagpure, S.V. Sazhin, B. Liaw, Y.S. Meng, “Predicting calendar aging in lithium metal secondary batteries: The impacts of solid electrolyte interphase composition and stability.“ Adv. Energy Mater. (2018) 1801427.</p><p><br>T.R. Tanim, M.G. Shirk, R.L. Bewley, E.J. Dufek, B.Y. Liaw, “Fast charge implications: Pack and cell analysis and comparison.” J. Power Sources 381 (2018) 56–65.</p><p><br>D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Operando lithium plating quantification and early detection of a commercial LiFePO4 cell cycled under dynamic driving schedule.” J. Power Sources 356 (2017) 36–46.</p><p><br>Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “On state-of-charge determination for lithium-ion batteries.” J. Power Sources 348 (2017) 281–301.</p><p><br>Y. Liu, Z. Lou, S. Song, K. Wu, N. Wu, J. Huang, J. Zhang, B.Y. Liaw, “Electrochemical investigations on the degradation mechanism of lithium-ion power battery with LiMn2O4 + LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2 blended positive electrode.” J. Automotive Safety and Energy 7 (2016) 313–321.</p><p><br>A. Devie, M. Dubarry, H-P. Wu, T-H. Wu, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell II. Experimental investigation of the degradation mechanism.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A2611–2617.</p><p><br>D. Anseán, M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, V.M. García, J.C. Viera, M. González, “Fast charging technique for high power LiFePO4 batteries: a mechanistic analysis of aging.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 201–209.</p><p><br>M. Provera, Z. Han, K. Honda, B.Y. Liaw, W.W. Su, “Electrochemical power generation from culled papaya fruits.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 163 (2016) A1457–A1459.<br>M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell-balancing currents in parallel strings of a battery system.” J. Power Sources 321 (2016) 36–46.</p><p><br>L. Su, J. Zhang, J. Huang, H. Ge, Z. Li, F. Xie, B.Y. Liaw, “Path dependence of lithium ion cells aging under storage conditions.” J. Power Sources 315 (2016) 35–46.</p><p><br>J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, J. Zhang, “Graphical analysis of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data in Bode and Nyquist representations.” J. Power Sources 309 (2016) 82–98.</p><p><br>J. Huang, Z. Li, B.Y. Liaw, S. Song, N. Wu, J. Zhang, “Entropy coefficient of a blended electrode in a lithium-ion cell.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A2367–A2371.</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Inline state of health estimation of lithium-ion batteries using state of charge calculation.” J. Power Sources 299 (2015) 246–254.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part IV. Over-discharge phenomena.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1787–A1792.</p><p><br>J. Xiao, J.Z. Hu, H. Chen, M. Vijayakumar, J. Zheng, H. Pan, E.D. Walter, M. Hu, X. Deng, J. Feng, B.Y. Liaw, M. Gu, Z.D. Deng, D. Lu, S. Xu, C. Wang, J. Liu, “Following the transient reactions in lithium-sulfur batteries using an in situ nuclear magnetic resonance technique.” Nano Lett. 15 (2015) 3309−3316. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00521.</p><p><br>A. Devie, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Overcharge study in Li4Ti5O12 based lithium-ion pouch cell I. Quantitative diagnosis of degradation modes.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A1033–A1040.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge determination in lithium-ion battery packs based on two-point measurements in life.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A877–A884.</p><p><br>B. Sun, J. Jiang, F. Zheng, W. Zhao, B.Y. Liaw, H. Ruan, Z. Han, W. Zhang, “Practical state of health estimation of power batteries based on Delphi method and grey relational grade analysis.” J. Power Sources 282 (2015) 146–157.</p><p><br>Q. Wang, J. Zheng, E. Walter, H. Pan, D. Lv, P. Zuo, H. Chen, Z.D. Deng, B.Y. Liaw, X. Yu, X.-Q. Yang, J.-G. Zhang, J. Liu, J. Xiao, “Direct observation of sulfur radicals as reaction media in lithium sulfur batteries.” J. Electrochem. Soc. 162 (2015) A474–A478.</p><p><br>Z. Guo, B.Y. Liaw, X. Qiu, L. Gao, C. Zhang, “Optimal charging method for lithium ion batteries using a universal voltage protocol accommodating aging.” J. Power Sources 274 (2015) 957–964. (<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.185"><span style="text-decoration:underline;"><font color="#0066cc">http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.185</font></span></a>)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, A. Devie, B.Y. Liaw, “The value of battery diagnostics and prognostics” J. Energy Power Sources 1 (2014) 242–249.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Cell degradation in commercial LiFePO4 cells with high-power and high-energy designs” J. Power Sources 258 (2014) 408–419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.02.052)</p><p><br>C. Truchot, M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “State-of-charge estimation and uncertainty for lithium-ion battery strings.” Appl. Energy 119 (2014) 218–227.</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “Improved extended Kalman filter for state of charge estimation of battery pack,” J. Power Sources 255 (2014) 368–376. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.093)</p><p><br>Z. Li, J. Huang, B.Y. Liaw, V. Metzler, J. Zhang, “A review of lithium deposition in lithium-ion and lithium metal secondary batteries,” J. Power Sources 254 (2014) 168–182. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.12.099)</p><p><br>Z. Guo, X. Qiu, G. Hou, B.Y. Liaw, C. Zhang, “State of health estimation for lithium ion batteries based on charging curves,” J. Power Sources 249 (2014) 457–462. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.114)</p><p><br>R. Eustis, T.M. Tsang, B. Yang, D.M. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Seeking effective dyes as mediators for a reducing-sugar-air alkaline battery/fuel cell” J. Power Sources 248 (2014) 1133–1140. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.10.022)</p><p><br>S. Sepasi, R. Ghorbani, B.Y. Liaw, “A novel on-board state-of-charge estimation method for aged Li-ion batteries based on model adaptive extended Kalman filter” J. Power Sources 245 (2014) 337–344. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.06.108)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, “Synthesize battery degradation modes via a diagnostic and prognostic model,” J. Power Sources 219 (2012) 204–216. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.07.016)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, C. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Aging through temperature excursions,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 160 (2012) A191–A199. </p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, M-S. Chen, S-S. Chyan, K-C. Han, W-T. Sie, S-H. Wu, “Identifying battery aging mechanisms in large format Li ion cells,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3420–3425. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.029)</p><p><br>M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, “Effect of discharge rate on charging a lead-acid battery simulated by mathematical model,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3414–3419. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.089)</p><p><br>K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395–3403. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.058)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10328–10335. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.077)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10336–10343. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.078)</p><p><br>D.M. Scott, T.H. Tsang, L. Chetty, S. Aloi, B.Y. Liaw, “Mechanistic understanding of monosaccharide-air flow battery electrochemistry,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 10556-10562. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.082)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “Origins and accommodation of cell variations in Li-ion battery pack modeling,” Int. J. Energy Res. 34 (2010) 216–231.<br>B.Y. Liaw, “Tackle hurdles in battery technology emerging in future smart applications,” Electrochemistry 78 (2010) 317.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, “From single cell model to battery pack simulation for Li-ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 186 (2009) 500–507. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.10.051)</p><p><br>D. Scott, B.Y. Liaw, “Harnessing electric power from monosaccharides ― A carbohydrate-air alkaline fuel cell mediated by redox dyes,” Energy Environ. Sci. 2 (2009) 965–969.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Identify capacity fading mechanism in a commercial LiFePO4 Cell,” J. Power Sources 194 (2009) 541–549. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.05.036)</p><p><br>M.J. Cooney, C. Lau, M. Windmeisser, B.Y. Liaw, T. Klotzbach, S.D. Minteer, “Design of chitosan gel pore structure: towards enzyme catalyzed flow-through electrodes,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 667.</p><p><br>D.M. Sun, D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “A potential reconstitution platform for PQQ-dependent apo-enzymes,” Electrochem. Solid State Lett. 11 (2008) B101.</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Minteer, E. Piles, D. Lehnert, S. Calabrese Barton, R. Rincon, P. Atanassov, “Standardized characterization of electrocatalytic electrodes,” Electroanalysis 20 (2008) 1099.</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ transient study of polymer nano-film growth via simultaneous correlation of charge, mass, and ellipsometric measurements,” Pure Applied Chem. 80 (2008) 2439–2449.</p><p><br>D. Scott, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, “Sustainable current generation from the ammonia - polypyrrole interaction,” J. Mat. Chem. 18 (2008) 3216–3222.</p><p><br>J.C. Viera, M. González, B.Y. Liaw, F.J. Ferrero, J.C. Álvarez, J.C. Campo, C. Blanco, “Characterization of 109 Ah Ni–MH batteries charging with hydrogen sensing termination,” J. Power Sources 171 (2007) 1040–1045. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.05.101)</p><p><br>V. Svoboda, M.J. Cooney, C. Rippolz, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ characterization of electrochemical polymerization of methylene green on platinum electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 154 (2007) D113–116.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity and power fading mechanism identification from a commercial cell evaluation,” J. Power Sources 165 (2007) 566–572. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.10.046)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Capacity loss in rechargeable lithium cells during cycle life testing: The importance of determining state-of-charge,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 1121–1125. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.185)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, B.Y. Liaw, “Development of a universal modeling tool for rechargeable lithium batteries,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 856–860. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.157)</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “A roadmap to understand battery performance in electric and hybrid vehicle operation,” J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 366–372. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.237)</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, “From driving cycle analysis to understanding battery performance in real-life electric hybrid vehicle operation,” in the Special Issue on Hybrid Electric Vehicles, J. Power Sources 174 (2007) 76–88. (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.06.010)</p><p><br>S.D. Minteer, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “Enzyme-based biofuel cells,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology (invited) 18 (2007) 228–234.</p><p><br>P. Atanassov, C. Apblett, S. Banta, S. Brozik, S. Calabrese Barton, M. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, S. Mukerjee, S.D. Minteer, “Enzymatic biofuel cell,” Interface 16 (2007) 28–31.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, N. Vuillaume, B.Y. Liaw, T. Quinn, “Vehicle evaluation, battery modeling, and fleet-testing experiences in Hawaii: A roadmap to understanding evaluation data and simulation,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 5 (2007) 1033−1042.</p><p><br>W. Johnston, N. Maynard, B.Y. Liaw, M.J. Cooney, “In situ measurement of activity and mass transfer effects in enzyme immobilized electrodes,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 39 (2006) 131.</p><p><br>D.M. Jenkins, B. Chami, M. Kreuzer, G. Presting, A.M. Alvarez, B.Y. Liaw, “Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode,” Anal. Chem. 78 (2006) 2314.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, V. Svoboda, R. Hwu, B.Y. Liaw, “Incremental capacity analysis and close-to-equilibrium OCV measurements to quantify capacity fade in commercial rechargeable lithium batteries,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 9 (2006) A454–457.</p><p><br>A., Konash, M.J. Cooney, B.Y. Liaw, D.M. Jameson, “Characterization of enzyme-polymer interaction using fluorescence,” J. Materials Chem. 16 (2006) 4107.</p><p><br>W.A. Johnston, B.Y. Liaw, R. Sapra, M.W.W. Adams, M.J. Cooney, “Design and characterization of redox enzyme electrodes: New perspectives on established techniques with application to an extremeophilic hydrogenase,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology 36 (2005) 540.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling capacity fade in lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 140 (2005) 157.</p><p><br>M. Dubarry, M. Bonnet, B. Dailliez, A. Teeters, B.Y. Liaw, “Analysis of electric vehicle usage of a Hyundai Santa Fe fleet in Hawaii,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 3 (2005) 657-663.</p><p><br>H. Wenzl, I. Baring-Gould, R. Kaiser, B.Y. Liaw, P. Lundsager, J. Manwell, A. Ruddell, V. Svoboda, “Life prediction of batteries for selecting the technically most suitable and cost effective battery,” J. Power Sources 144 (2005) 373.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Self-discharge and charge retention in AB2-based Ni-MH batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A137.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical simulation on fast charging Ni-MH traction batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) A265.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Nagasubramanian, R.G. Jungst, D.H. Doughty, “Modeling of lithium ion cells,” Solid State Ionics 175 (2004) 835.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, “Fuzzy-logic based driving pattern recognition for driving cycle analysis,” J. Asian Electric Vehicles 2 (2004) 551.</p><p><br>R.G. Jungst, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, B.Y. Liaw, A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, D.H. Doughty, “Accelerated calendar and pulse life analysis of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 870.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.G. Jungst, E.P. Roth, G. Nagasubramanian, H.L. Case, D.H. Doughty, “Correlation of Arrhenius behaviors on power and capacity fades, impedance, and static heat generation in lithium ion cells,” J. Power Sources 119-121 (2003) 874–886. (doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(03)00196-4)</p><p><br>A. Urbina, T.L. Paez, R.G. Jungst, B.Y. Liaw, “Inductive modeling of lithium-ion cells,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 430.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, K.P. Bethune, X.G. Yang, “Advanced integrated battery testing and simulation,” J. Power Sources 110 (2002) 330–340. (PII: S0378-7753(02)00195-7)</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Reliable fast charge of nickel metal hydride batteries,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 51.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, K. Bethune, “Integrated battery simulation and characterization,” Solid State Ionics 152-153 (2002) 217.</p><p><br>T. Quinn, B.Y. Liaw, “Electric vehicle rapid charging infrastructure in Hawaii,” SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-1606, IEEE Transactions J. Engines (2001).</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Charge performance of a commercial nickel metal hydride EV battery system,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 148 (2001) A1023.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “Rapid charge of traction nickel metal hydride batteries,” J. Power Sources 101 (2001) 158.</p><p><br>X.G. Yang, B.Y. Liaw, “In-situ electrochemical investigations of the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of nickel-metal hydride traction batteries,” J. Power Sources 102 (2001) 186.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, X.G. Yang, “Limiting process and mechanism in rapid charging Ni-MH cells,” Electrochimica Acta 47 (2001) 875.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, S.M. Li, M.M. Geng, B.Y. Liaw, “Modeling discharge and charge characteristics of nickel-metal hydride batteries,” Electrochimica Acta 44 (1999) 4525.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “The use of computer simulation in the evaluation of electric vehicle batteries,” J. Power Sources 75 (1998) 151.</p><p><br>C.Y. Wang, W.B. Gu, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, I. model development,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3407.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Micro-macroscopic coupled modeling of batteries and fuel cells, II. Application to nickel-cadmium and nickel-metal hydride cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 145 (1998) 3418.</p><p><br>W.B. Gu, C.Y. Wang, B.Y. Liaw, “Numerical modeling of coupled electrochemical and transport processes in lead-acid batteries,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 144 (1997) 2053.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.E. Rocheleau, Q-H. Gao, “Thin film yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia,” Solid State Ionics 92 (1996) 85.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Electrochemical studies of kinetic properties of titanium- and vanadium-hydrogen systems at intermediate temperatures using molten salt techniques,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 142 (1995) 2196.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, Y. Ding, “Charging hydrogen into Ni in hydride-containing molten salts,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 63.</p><p><br>X.Z. Li, G.S. Huang, D.W. Mo, B.Y. Liaw, “The analysis of the neutron emission from the glow discharge in deuterium gas tube and the gas loading in palladium,” Trans. Fusion Tech. 26 (1994) 384.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, P-L Tao, B.E. Liebert, “Helium analysis of palladium electrodes after molten-salt electrolysis,” Fusion Technology 23 (1993) 92.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, J. Liu, A. Menne, W. Weppner, “Kinetic principles for new types of solid state ionic gas sensors,” Solid State Ionics 53-56 (1992) 18.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, G. Deublein, R.A. Huggins, “Investigation of thermodynamic properties of the Ti-H system using molten salt electrolytes containing hydride ions,” J. Alloys and Compounds 189 (1992) 175.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, P-L. Tao, P. Turner, B.E. Liebert, “Elevated-temperature excess heat production in the Pd-D system,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 319 (1991) 161; err. 332 (1992) 371.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “Thermodynamic and structural considerations of insertion reactions in lithium vanadium bronze structures,” Solid State Ionics 45 (1991) 323.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors based on tetragonal zirconia polycrystals,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 138 (1991) 2478.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, W. Weppner, “Low temperature limiting-current oxygen sensors using tetragonal zirconia as solid electrolytes,” Solid State Ionics 40/41 (1990) 428.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Demonstration of a composite solid/liquid/ solid electrolyte configuration for hydrogen-related applications,” Z. Chem. Phys. N. F. 164 (1989) 1533.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, S.W. Orchard, C. Kutal, “Photobehavior of copper(I) compounds. 4. Role of the triplet-state of (arylphosphine)-copper(I) complexes in the photosensitized isomerization of dienes,” Inorg. Chem. 27(8) (1988) 1309.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Controlled electrolyte environments and their use for studying and modifying materials properties; potentials for employment in practical devices,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1078.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Hydrogen-conducting electrolyte configurations,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1084.</p><p><br>G. Deublein, B.Y. Liaw, R.A. Huggins, “Novel electrochemical hydrogen sensors for use at elevated temperatures,” Solid State Ionics 28/30 (1988) 1660.</p><p><br>B.Y. Liaw, I.D. Raistrick, R.A. Huggins, “The thermodynamics and kinetics of the gamma-lithium vanadium bronze structure,” Solid State Ionics 18/19 (1986) 828.<span aria-hidden="true"></span></p></div>Advanced Vehicles;Energy Storage;Bioenergy Technologies;Hydrogen and Fuel Cellshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Liaw%202.jpgDirectorate Fellow
Yusheng Luo, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=29Yusheng Luo, Ph.D.<div class="ExternalClass98DD06589D91469089BEAE0D7E65546F"><p>​Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering - Florida State University</p><p>M.E., Electrical Engineering -  Shanghai Jiaotong University</p><p>B.E., Electrical Engineering - Hefei University of Technology</p></div><div class="ExternalClassB06217CE4EC6446C9027B6BFEF64B230"><p>Y. Luo, C. Wang, L. Tan, G. Liao, M. Zhou, D. Cartes, W. Liu, “Application of Generalization Predictive Control for Charging Super Capacitor in Microgrid Power Systems under Input Constraints,” in Proc. IEEE Cyber2015, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, June 2015.</p><p> </p><p>D. Shi, Y. Luo, R. Sharma, “Active Synchronization Control for Microgrid Reconnection after Islanding,” in Proc. IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, Europe, Istanbul, Turkey, October 2014.</p><p><br>Y. Luo, S. Srivastava, M. Andrus, D. Cartes “ Application of disturbance metric in Pulsed Power Load Energy Storage charging impact reduction,” in Proc. IEEE Electric Ship Technology Symposium, Arlington, VA, April 2013. </p><p> </p><p>Y. Luo, M. Andrus, J. Lian, S. Srivastava, D. Cartes “Power Impact Analysis for Pulsed Power Load to the Integrated Power System,” in Proc. ASNE Electric Machines Technology Symposium, Philadelphia, PA, May 2012.</p></div>Energy Systems Research;Hydrogen and Fuel Cells;Power and Energy Systemshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Yusheng1-800-cropped.jpgPower Systems Scientist
Manish Mohanpurkar, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=32Manish Mohanpurkar, Ph.D.Dr. Mohanpurkar works broadly in the area of power and energy systems. Specific research interests include power systems analysis, probabilistic and steady state analysis, real time digital simulation, hardware-in-the-loop, dynamic and transient analysis, power markets, assimilation of renewable energy, and energy resource planning studies. Past research related to wind energy, hydroelectric power generation, energy storage technologies such as pumped storage hydro, electrolyzers, microgrids, and electric vehicles. He has also published and performed reviews for a number of technical journals and leading conferences. He holds a doctorate in electrical engineering from Colorado State University, a master’s in electrical engineering from Oklahoma State University and a bachelor’s in electrical engineering from Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. <div class="ExternalClass5AFBDF0256DF4880BC1C5A2471D04ADA"><p>​Ph.D., Electrical Engineering - Colorado State University</p><p>M.S., Electrical Engineering - Oklahoma State University</p><p>B.E., Electrical, Electronics, and Power - Government College of Engineering (Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India)</p></div><div class="ExternalClassDF6D42DECE484E59B3EF50C6A6D0D8C4"><p>E. Muljadi, M. Singh, V. Gevorgian, M. Mohanpurkar, R. Hovsapian, V. Koritarov, “Dynamic Modeling of Adjustable-Speed Pumped Storage Hydropower Plant,” IEEE PES General Meeting, July 2015, pp. 6.</p><p> </p><p>M. Panwar, M. Mohanpurkar, J. D. Osorio, R. Hovsapian, “Significance of Dynamic and Transient Analysis in the Design and Operation of Hybrid Energy Systems,” in Proc. of 9th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Plant Instrumentation, Control, and Human, North Carolina, February 2015, pp. 8.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, S. Suryanarayanan, “Regression Modeling for Accommodating Unscheduled Flows in Electric Grids,” IEEE Trans. of Power Systems, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 2569-2570, 2014.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, S. Suryanarayanan, “Accommodating Unscheduled Flows in Electric Grids Using the Analytical Ridge Regression,” IEEE Trans. on Power Systems, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 3507–3508, 2013.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, S. Suryanarayanan, “A Case Study on the Effects of Predicted Wind Farm Power Outputs on Unscheduled Flows in Transmission Networks,” 5th Annual Green Technologies Conf., April 2013, Colorado, pp. 277-284.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, H. Valdiviezo, and S. Suryanarayanan, “An Application of Geographical Information Systems Technique in the Estimation of Loop Flows in Wide Area Transmission Networks with High Wind Penetration,” 45th Proc. of Frontiers of Power Conf., Oklahoma, October 2012, pp. VI-1 - VI-8.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, R. G. Ramakumar, “Probability Density Functions for Power Output of Wind Electric Conversion Systems”, IEEE PES General Meeting, Minneapolis, July 2010, pp. 1–7.</p><p> </p><p>M. Mohanpurkar, R. G. Ramakumar, “Probabilistic Assessment of the Output Characteristics of Wind Electric Conversion Systems”, 42nd Proc. of Frontiers of Power Conf., Oklahoma, October 2009, pp. 8.</p></div>Hydrogen and Fuel Cells;Energy Systems Research;Power and Energy Systemshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Manish1-800.jpgPower and Energy Systems Scientist

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