​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Team Members by Research Area



Infrastructure and Energy Storage Team Members


 

 

Tanvir Tanim, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=299Tanvir Tanim, Ph.D.Dr. Tanvir R. Tanim is an R&D Engineer and the Group Lead for Energy Storage Technology Group within Energy Storage and Advanced Transportation Department at Idaho National Laboratory, overseeing over 11 research scientists, engineers, postdoctoral researchers, and interns. Tanvir and his group’s research focuses on enabling next generation high energy and power lithium-ion batteries, developing advanced algorithms for reliable life estimation, and expanding and/or verifying advanced diagnostics and prognostics of these high energy and power batteries for electric vehicle applications. Tanvir earned his doctorate in mechanical engineering from Pennsylvania State University, his master’s in mechanical engineering from Ohio University, and his bachelor’s in mechanical engineering from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. Before joining INL in 2015, he briefly worked at Advanced Research Division of Raymond Corporation. Between 2014 and 2020, he has authored or co-authored 17 peer-reviewed scientific papers and publications. Dr. Tanim has two patents with Volvo Trucks Technologies and The Raymond Corporation.<div class="ExternalClassBD138C0D724C41DA83314EC1E9FDD156"><p>​Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering - Pennsylvania State University</p><p>M.S., Mechanical Engineering - Ohio University</p><p>B.S., Mechanical Engineering - Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology</p></div><div class="ExternalClass5AFF28F2B0C64139BBE1F380485D405B"><p>​Electrochemical Society</p><p>Reviewer for Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Applied Energy, IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, and Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control </p><p>Proposal reviewer for the Vehicle Technologies Office in DOE-EERE</p></div><div class="ExternalClass876C6F66FEFD47C2BA3DA7B5232A0CD4"><p><strong>Peer-reviewed Journals</strong></p><p>S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. N. Jansen, T. R. Tanim, E. Dufek, A. Pesaran, A. Burnham, R. B. Carlson, F. Dias, K. Hardy, M. Keyser, C. Kreuzer, A. Markel, A. Meintz, C. Michelbacher, M. Mohanpurkar, P. A. Nelson, D. C. Robertson, D. Scoffield, M. Shirk, T. Stephens, R. Vijayagopal, J. Zhang, Enabling fast charging – A battery technology gap assessment, J Power Sources, 367 (2017) 250-262.</p><p> </p><p>A. Burnham, E. J. Dufek, T. Stephens, J. Francfort, C. Michelbacher, R. B. Carlson, J. Zhang, R. Vijayagopal, F. Dias, M. Mohanpurkar, D. Scoffield, K. Hardy, M. Shirk, R. Hovsapian, S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. N. Jansen, M. Keyser, C. Kreuzer, A. Markel, A. Meintz, A. Pesaren, T. R. Tanim, Enabling Fast Charging - Infrastructure and Economic Considerations, J Power Sources, 367 (2017) 237-249.</p><p> </p><p>A. Meintz, J. Zhang, R. Vijayagopal, C. Kreuzer, S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, A. Burnham, B. Carlson, F. Dias, E. J. Dufek, J. Francfort, A. N. Jansen, M. Keyser, A. Markel, C. Michelbacher, M. Mohanpurkar, A. Pesaran, D. Scoffield, M. Shirk, T. Stephens, T. R. Tanim, Enabling Fast Charging – Vehicle Considerations, J Power Sources, 367 (2017) 216-227.</p><p> </p><p>M. Keyser, A. Pesaran, Q. Li, S. Santhanagopalan, K. Smith, E. Wood, S. Ahmed, I. Bloom, E. Dufek, M. Shirk, A. Meintz, C. Kreuzer, C. Michelbacher, A. Burnham, T. Stephens, J. Francfort, R. B. Carlson, J. Zhang, R. Vijayagopal, K. Hardy, F. Dias, M. Mohanpurkar, D. Scoffield, A. N. Jansen, T. Tanim, A. Markel, Enabling fast charging – Battery thermal considerations, J Power Sources, 367 (2017) 228-236.<br></p><p>T. R. Tanim, and C. D. Rahn, Aging formula for lithium ion batteries with solid electrolyte interphase layer growth, J. Power Sources, 294 (2015) 239-247.</p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, C. D. Rahn, and C. Y. Wang, State of charge estimation of a lithium ion cell using a temperature dependent, electrolyte enhanced single particle model, Energy, 80 (2015) 731-739.</p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, C. D. Rahn, and C. Y. Wang, A temperature dependent, single particle, lithium ion cell model including electrolyte diffusion, J. Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 137 (2014) 011005-011005-11.</p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, D. J. Bayless, and J. P. Trembly, Modeling of a 5 kWe planar solid oxide fuel cell based system operating on JP-8 fuel and a comparison with tubular cell based system for auxiliary and mobile power applications, J. Power Sources, 245 (2014) 986-997.</p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, D. J. Bayless, and J. P. Trembly, Modeling of a 5 kWe tubular solid oxide fuel cell based system operating on desulfurized JP-8 fuel for auxiliary and mobile power applications, J. Power Sources, 221 (2013) 387-396.</p><p> </p><p>M.A.H. Mamun, T.R. Tanim, M.M. Rahman, R. Saidur, and S. Nagata, Mixed convection analysis in trapezoidal cavity with a moving lid, Int. J. Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 5(1) (2010), 18-28.</p><p><strong></strong> </p><p><strong>Other Publications</strong></p><p>"On Cell Variability and Fade Mechanisms in High Energy Density Lithium Batteries", Shrikant C Nagpure, Eric J Dufek, Bor Yann Liaw, Sean M Wood, Charles C Dickerson, Tanvir Tanim, 232nd meeting of the Electrochemical Society (Oct. 2017), National Harbor, MD.</p><p> </p><p>" Implications of Measurement Uncertainty in Battery Performance Analysis", Shrikant C Nagpure, Eric J Dufek, Charles C Dickerson, Randy L Bewley, Lee K Walker, Sean M Wood, Bor Yann Liaw, Tanvir Tanim, Tanvir Tanim, 232nd meeting of the Electrochemical Society (Oct. 2017), National Harbor, MD.</p><p> </p><p>"Understanding Performance Fade in High Energy Density Li Batteries", Eric J Dufek, Shrikant C Nagpure, Sean M Wood, Charles C Dickerson, Tanvir Tanim, Bor Yann Liaw, 232nd meeting of the Electrochemical Society (Oct. 2017), National Harbor, MD.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Peer-reviewed Conference Papers</strong></p><p>T.R. Tanim, M. Garg, and C.D. Rahn, An intelligent nail design for lithium ion battery penetration test, full length paper accepted in the ASME 2016 Power and Energy Conference, June 2016, Charlotte, North Carolina.</p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, C. D. Rahn, and Niklas  Legnedahl, Elevated temperatures can extend the life of lithium iron phosphate cells in hybrid electric vehicles, ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, October 2015, Columbus, OH,  paper number-9763. </p><p> </p><p>T. R. Tanim, C. D. Rahn, and C. Y. Wang, A reduced order electrolyte enhanced single particle lithium ion cell model for hybrid vehicle applications, American Control Conf. (ACC), June 2014, Portland, OR, 141-146.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Featured Articles</strong></p><p>Green Car Congress, Penn State team develops mathematical formula to predict factors influencing Li-ion battery aging, November 2015, available online at: <a href="http://www.greencarcongress.com/2015/11/20151101-rahn.html"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://www.greencarcongress.com/2015/11/20151101-rahn.html</span></a></p><p> </p><p>Penn State Institute of Energy and the Environment, Simple mathematical formula models lithium-ion battery aging, November 2015, available online at: <a href="http://www.psiee.psu.edu/news/simple-mathematical-formula-models-lithium-ion-battery-aging"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://www.psiee.psu.edu/news/simple-mathematical-formula-models-lithium-ion-battery-aging</span></a>.</p><p> </p><p>Futurity- research news from top universities, Math finds top culprit as Lithium ion battery age, November 2015, available online at: <a href="http://www.futurity.org/lithium-ion-batteries-aging-1039472-2/"><span style="text-decoration:underline;">http://www.futurity.org/lithium-ion-batteries-aging-1039472-2/</span></a></p><p> </p><p><strong>Book Chapters</strong></p><p>M.A.H. Mamun, T.R. Tanim, M.M. Rahman, R. Saidur, and S. Nagata, Analysis of mixed convection in a lid driven trapezoidal cavity, Convection and Conduction Heat Transfer, Chapter 3, Publisher: InTech, 2011, ISBN 978-953-307-582-2, DOI: 10.5772/1041. </p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Tanvir%20Tanim1.jpgR&D Engineer and Energy Storage Technology Group Lead
Kelly Bonjourhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=819Kelly BonjourEnergy Storage Technology;Infrastructure and Energy Storage;Mobility Systems and Analyticshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/KellyBonjour.pngAdministrative Assistant
Kevin Gering, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=161Kevin Gering, Ph.D.Kevin has been involved in battery testing and R&D for nearly 20 years while at INL. Dr. Gering is an established expert in the field of state-of-the-art molecular-based electrolyte models for electrochemical systems (AEM), and has developed novel performance and lifecycle (aging) models for lithium-ion systems covering mechanistic aspects of kinetic limitations and performance loss over battery life (CellSage). AEM generates more than 80 property metrics with each simulation, giving genomic-level information for electrolyte characterization. Kevin is well qualified to speak on issues of electrolyte transport, characterization, screening, and optimization for lithium-ion systems, wherein particular areas of expertise are highly concentrated electrolytes and low-temperature battery performance. During AEM development Kevin has achieved milestones in formulating mathematics and new modeling techniques that capture properties that were previously very difficult to model over wide ranges of temperature and salt concentration, such as colligative permittivity, conductivity, diffusivity, viscosity, surface tension, ion desolvation energy and kinetics, double-layer composition and properties, comprehensive ion speciation, osmotic pressure, preferential ion solvation, and many others. Dr. Gering has a diverse background in modeling complex systems, where other previous work covered developing a methane hydrates marine basin model, a dynamic passive aeration compost model, blast wave calculations, transport model for pulsed reactors, and others. He actively collaborates with other DOE labs, universities, and the private sector, and is an advocate of domestic intellectual property, having a number of patents issued and pending, with some currently under license.<div class="ExternalClassAB362A32EF484EC0AC4C585CA2AE2328"><p>Ph.D., Chemical Engineering - University of Oklahoma</p><p>M.S., Chemical Engineering - University of Oklahoma</p><p>B.S., Chemistry - Southern Nazarene University</p></div>P. O. Box 1625 Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3732<div class="ExternalClassE36A2299EBB04B51A0637B50C041254F"><p>​Electrochemical Society</p></div><div class="ExternalClass7C63ADBB9E1F4F248C8DF72DFD8E3818"><div>M.K. Harrup, H.W. Rollins, D.K. Jamison, E.J. Dufek, K.L. Gering, T.A. Luther, “Unsaturated Phosphazenes as Co-Solvents for Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes”, accepted to J. Power Sources.</div><div><br> </div><div>E.J. Dufek, M.L. Stone, D.K. Jamison, F.F. Stewart, K.L. Gering, L.M. Petkovic, A.D. Wilson, M.K. Harrup, H.W. Rollins, “Hybrid phosphazene anodes for energy storage applications,” J. Power Sources, 267,  (2014)  347-355.</div><div><br> </div><div>H.W. Rollins, M.K. Harrup, E.J. Dufek, D.K. Jamison, S.V. Sazhin, K.L. Gering, D.L. Daubaras, “Fluorinated phosphazene co-solvents for improved thermal and safety performance in lithium-ion battery electrolytes”, J. Power Sources 263 (2014) 66-74.</div><div><br> </div><div>S.V. Sazhin, K.L. Gering, M.K. Harrup, H.W. Rollins, “Highly Quantitative Electrochemical Characterization of Non-Aqueous Electrolytes & Solid Electrolyte Interphases”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 161 issue 3 (2014) A393-A402.</div><div><br> </div><div>M.​T. Benson, M.K. Harrup, K.L. Gering, “Lithium binding in fluorinated cyclic triphosphazenes”, Computational and Theoretical Chemistry 1005 (2013) 25–34.</div><div><br> </div><div>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K.  Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III. Effect of thermal excursions without prolonged thermal aging,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 160 (2013) A191-A199.</div><div><br> </div><div>K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B.Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, M. Cugnet, “Investigation of path dependence in commercial lithium-ion cells chosen for plug-in hybrid vehicle duty cycle protocols,” J. Power Sources 196 (2011) 3395. </div><div><br> </div><div>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part II. Degradation mechanism under 2C cycle aging,” J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 10336.</div><div><br> </div><div>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, M. Cugnet, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C. J. Michelbacher, “Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) applications. Part I. Initial characterizations,” J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 10328. </div><div><br> </div><div>S.V. Sazhin, M.K. Harrup, and K.L. Gering, "Characterization of Low-Flammability Electrolytes for Lithium-ion Batteries", J. Power Sources, 196 (2011) 3433.</div><div><br> </div><div>M. K. Harrup, K. L. Gering, H. W. Rollins, S. V. Sazhin, M. T. Benson, D. K. Jamison, C. J. Michelbacher, T. A. Luther , “Phosphazene Based Additives for Improvement of Safety and Battery Lifetimes in Lithium-Ion Batteries”, ECS Transactions from the 220th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (Oct. 2011, Boston, MA). </div><div><br> </div><div>G. S. Yeduvaka, R. M. Spotnitz, and K. L. Gering, “Macrohomogenous Modeling of Commercial, Primary Li/MnO2 Coin Cells”, ECS Transactions, Vol. 19 (16) pp 1-10 (2009).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, "Improved Transport Modeling of Electrolyte Systems in Li-ion Cells by Direct Consideration of Solvent-ion Interactions and Accurate Local Properties", Proceedings of the 43rd Power Sources Conference (Philadelphia, PA), 153-156 (2008).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Prediction of electrolyte viscosity for aqueous and non-aqueous systems: Results from a molecular model based on ion solvation and a chemical physics framework”, Electrochim. Acta, Vol. 51, 3125–3138 (2006). </div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Low-temperature Performance Limitations of Lithium-ion Batteries”, ECS Transactions, Vol. 1 (26), 119 (2006).</div><div><br> </div><div>D. P. Abraham, E. M. Reynolds, P. L. Schultz, A. N. Jansen, and D. W. Dees, “Temperature Dependence of Capacity and Impedance Data from Fresh and Aged High-Power Lithium-Ion Cells”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 153, No. 8, A1610-A1616 (2006).  Contribution from K. L. Gering acknowledged.</div><div><br> </div><div>I. Bloom, J. P. Christophersen, D. P. Abraham, and K. L. Gering, “Differential voltage analyses of high-power lithium-ion cells  3. Another anode phenomenon”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 157, pp 537–542 (2006).</div><div><br> </div><div>I. Bloom, B. G. Potter, C. S. Johnson, K. L. Gering, and J. P. Christophersen, “Effect of cathode composition on impedance rise in high-power lithium-ion cells: Long-term aging results”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 155, pp 415–419 (2006).</div><div><br> </div><div>I. Bloom, J. Christophersen, and K. Gering, “Differential voltage analyses of high-power lithium-ion cells  2. Applications”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 139, pp 304–313 (2005).</div><div><br> </div><div>J. P. Christophersen, K. L. Gering, C. G. Motloch, C. D. Ho, V. S. Battaglia, T. Q. Duong, and D. Howell, “Effects of Reference Performance Testing During Life-Cycle Aging of Lithium-Ion Cells," Proceedings of the 205th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, San Antonio, TX (May 10-13, 2004).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and T. Q. Duong, “Prediction of electrolyte transport properties using a solvation-based chemical physics model”, in: K. Striebel (Ed.), Lithium/Lithium Ion Batteries, The Electrochemical Society Proceeding Series, Pennington, NJ (2003).</div><div><br> </div><div>T. Murphy, C. Motloch, J. Christophersen, R. Wright, K. Gering, C. Ho, I. Bloom, S. Jones, G. Henriksen, V. Battaglia, T. Duong, and J. Barnes, "Overview of Performance Testing of the Advanced Technology Development Program Gen 2 Cells", Proceedings of the 204th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Orlando, FL, (October, 2003).</div><div><br> </div><div>J. P. Christophersen, K. L. Gering, C. G. Motloch, R. B. Wright, C. D. Ho, I. D. Bloom, S. A. Jones, V. S. Battaglia, and T. Q. Duong, “Performance Evaluation of the Advanced Technology Development Program Gen 2 Cells”, Proceedings of the 204th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society (2003).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Simulations of methane hydrate phenomena over geologic timescales. Part I: Effect of sediment compaction rates on methane hydrate and free gas accumulations”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 206, pp 65-81 (2003).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and J. J. Rosentreter, “Real-Time Measurement of Aqueous Cyanide in Mining Operations”, in Cyanide: Social, Industrial, and Economic Aspects (Courtney Young, Larry Twidwell, and Corby Anderson, editors), a collection of papers from the 2001 TMS Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana, February 11-15, 2001. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. ISBN: 0-87339-479-8  [pp. 141-150].</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, R. S. Cherry, and D. M. Weinberg, “Mechanisms for Methane Gas Accumulation Under Hydrate Deposits in Sediments”, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, Vol. 912, Issue 0, pp 623-632 (2000).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Developing a Dependable Approach for Evaluating Waste Treatment Data”, published in the proceedings of Waste Management ‘98, Tucson, AZ (March 2-6, 1998).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Using an Effectiveness Factor as a Decision-Making Tool for Mixed Waste Solidification/Stabilization”,  Technology: Journal of the Franklin Institute, Vol 334A, No. 1, and the proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Mixed Waste Symposium, Baltimore, MD (August 18-21, 1997). </div><div><br> </div><div>N. J. Lynch, K. L. Gering, and R. S. Cherry, “Composting as a Reactor Design Problem”, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 829, pp 290-301 (1997).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and G. L. Schwendiman, “Results from Five Years of Treatability Studies Using Hydraulic Binders to Stabilize Low-Level Mixed Waste at the INEL”, published in the proceedings of Waste Management ‘97, Tucson, AZ (March 2-6, 1997).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and G. L. Schwendiman, “Photo-Oxidation of Organic Compounds in Liquid Low-Level Mixed Wastes at the INEL”, published in the proceedings of SPECTRUM ‘96: International Topical Meeting on Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management, Seattle, WA (August 18-23, 1996).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and G. L. Schwendiman, “UV-Enhanced Oxidation of Organic Compounds in Aqueous Low-Level Mixed Wastes at the INEL”, published in the proceedings of the Third Biennial Mixed Waste Symposium, Baltimore, MD (August 7-10, 1995). </div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and G. L. Schwendiman, “Summary Results from Three Years of Solidification Treatability Studies of Low-Level Mixed Waste at the INEL”, published in the proceedings of the Third Biennial Mixed Waste Symposium, Baltimore, MD (August 7-10, 1995).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, “Solidification Results from a Treatability Study of Nonincinerable Low-Level Mixed Wastes”, published in the proceedings of the Second International Mixed Waste Symposium, Baltimore, MD (August 16-20, 1993).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, A Molecular Approach to Electrolyte Solutions: Predicting Phase Behavior and Thermodynamic Properties of Single and Binary-Solvent Systems, Doctoral Dissertation, University of Oklahoma (1989).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and L. L. Lee, “Prediction of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of Binary-Solvent Electrolytes”, Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 53, p 199 (1989). </div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, L. L. Lee, J. L. Savidge, and L. H. Landis, “A Molecular Approach to Electrolyte Solutions: Phase Behavior and Activity Coefficients for Mixed-Salt and Multisolvent Systems”, Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 48, p 111 (1989). </div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering and J. F. Scamehorn, “Use of Electrodialysis to Remove Heavy Metals from Water”, Separation Science and Technology, Vol. 23, No. 14 & 15, p 2231 (1988).</div><div><br> </div><div>K. L. Gering, Use of Electrodialysis to Remove Heavy Metals from Water, Masters Thesis, University of Oklahoma (1987).</div><div><br> </div><div>G. Heasley, J. Sheehy, C. Codding, and K. Gering, “Chlorination of 1-hexyne and 3-hexyne in Acetic Acid and Methanol”, Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 50, No. 10, p 1773 (1985).</div></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Kevin%20Gering.pngAdvisory Scientist
Sergiy Sazhin, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=35Sergiy Sazhin, Ph.D.Dr. Sergiy V. Sazhin is a principal research scientist and engineer at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). He has extensive academia and industrial experience in electrochemical power sources with prominent organizations throughout the world as a scientist, technologist, and project manager. He started his career at the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences leading projects on a large variety of battery systems and on fundamental studies. While working for Samsung Corp., South Korea, he launched R&D on new electrolytes, electrolyte purification techniques, and electrode development for industrial lithium-ion battery design. Dr. Sazhin then emigrated to the U.S.A. At Moltech Corp., he managed an electroanalysis team that worked on development of lithium-sulfur battery electrolytes and on accelerated tests. At Rayovac Corp., he led projects on lithium-carbon monofluoride batteries and on lithium-ion batteries. Now, at INL (since 2007), he provides synergy between his academia and industrial knowledge for the Energy Storage and Advanced Vehicle department programs. He is the principal investigator on diagnostic and prognostic testing of advanced batteries for electric vehicles and new methods of electrochemical characterization of battery components. His work has resulted in 46 patents/invention publications, 90 paper and conference publications, and several awards including national recognition. He has contributed to a number of battery technologies, molten salt systems, and active material coatings. Dr. Sazhin has also developed new testing methods for advanced battery materials and battery characterization, including a new approach for battery health estimation that improves safety and helps prevent catastrophic failure events.<div class="ExternalClass88E77DC960424FBB9BF38C983542665C"><p>Ph.D., Electrochemical Technology - National Technical University of Ukraine , Kyiv Polytechnic Institute</p><p>M.S./B.S., Electrochemical Technology - National Technical University of Ukraine, Kyiv Polytechnic Institute</p></div><div class="ExternalClass8A542E7AD42A4C33BC85E11E47602E80"><p>Advanced materials for the batteries</p><p>Diagnostic and prognostic analysis of battery performance</p><p>Electrochemistry of non-aqueous systems</p><p>Technology of battery production</p><p>New battery materials and their electrochemical characterization </p><p>New methods for battery testing and characterization</p><p>Safety of advanced battery systems</p></div><div class="ExternalClassE0DB2446D163407E92BB9D069A3D3D75"><p>​The Electrochemical Society</p></div><div class="ExternalClassE74CAD9E1C5544698B00EEC4BFF70351"><p><strong>Selected Publications</strong></p><p>S. V. Sazhin, E. J. Dufek, D. K. Jamison. Novel Short-Circuit Detection in Li-ion Battery Architectures. - ECS Transactions, 2017, v. 80 (10), p. 75-84. DOI: 10.1149/08010.0075ecst.</p><p> </p><p>S. V. Sazhin, E. J. Dufek, K. L. Gering. Enhancing Li-ion Battery Safety by Early Detection of Nascent Internal Shorts. - J. Electrochem. Soc., 2017, v. 164 (1), p. A6281-A6287. DOI: 10.1149/2.0431701jes.</p><p> </p><p>S. V. Sazhin, E. J. Dufek, K. L. Gering. Enhancing Li-ion Battery Safety by Early Detection of Nascent Internal Shorts. - ECS Transactions, 2016, v. 73 (1), p.  161-178. DOI:10.1149/07301.0161ecst</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin, K.L. Gering, M.K. Harrup, H.W.  Rollins. Highly Quantitative Electrochemical Characterization of Non-Aqueous Electrolytes and Solid Electrolyte Interphases. - J. Electrochem. Soc., 2014, v. 161, issue 3, p. A393-A402.  DOI:10.1149/2.043403jes.</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin, M.K. Harrup, K.L. Gering. Characterization of low-flammability electrolytes for lithium-ion batteries". –J. Power Sources, 2011, v. 196, issue 7, p. 3433-3438.  DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.019.</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin, M. Y. Khimchenko, Y. N. Tritenichenko and H.S.  Lim. Performance of Li-ion cells with new electrolytes conceived for low temperature applications. - J. Power Sources, 2000, v. 87/1-2, p. 112-117.  DOI:10.1016/S0378-7753(99)00434-6.</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin, M.Y. Khimchenko, Y.N. Tritenichenko, W. Roh, H.Y. Kang.  Lithium state diagram as a description of lithium deposit morphology. - J. Power Sources, 1997, v. 66, p. 141-145.  DOI:10.1016/S0378-7753(96)02542-6.</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin S, A.V. Gorodyskii, M.Y. Khimchenko.  Lithium rechargeability on different substrates. - J. Power Sources, 1994, v. 47, p. 57-62.  DOI:10.1016/0378-7753(94)80050-2.</p><p> </p><p>S.V. Sazhin, A.V. Gorodyskii, M.Y. Khimchenko, S.P. Kuksenko, V.V. Danilin.  New parameters for lithium cyclability in organic electrolytes for secondary batteries. - J. Electroanal. Chem., 1993, v. 344, p. 61-72. DOI:10.1016/0022-0728(93)80046-K.</p><p> </p><p>A.V. Gorodyskii, S.V. Sazhin, V.V. Danilin, S.P. Kuksenko.  Effect of sodium cation on lithium corrosion in aprotic media. - J. Power Sources, 1989, v.28, p. 335-343. DOI:10.1016/0378-7753(89)80063-1.</p><p> </p><p>K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher, B. Y. Liaw, M. Dubarry, and M. Cugnet.  Investigation of Path Dependence in Commercial Li-ion Cells Chosen for PHEV Duty Cycle Protocols. –J. Power Sources, 2011, v. 196, issue 7, p. 3395-3403.  DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.05.058.</p><p> </p><p>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher.  Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part I: Initial characterizations. - J. Power Sources, 2011, v. 196, issue 23, p. 10328-10335. DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.077.</p><p> </p><p>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher.  Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part II: Degradation mechanism under 2 C cycle aging. - J. Power Sources, 2011, v. 196, issue 23, p. 10336-10343.  DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.078.</p><p> </p><p>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, B.Y. Liaw, K.L. Gering, S.V. Sazhin, D.K. Jamison, C.J. Michelbacher.  Evaluation of commercial lithium-ion cells based on composite positive electrode for plug-in hybrid electric vehicle applications. Part III: Effect of thermal excursions without prolonged thermal aging batteries and energy storage. - J. Electrochem. Soc., 2013, v.160 (1), p. A191-A199. DOI: 10.1149/2.063301jes. </p><p> </p><p>M. Dubarry, C. Truchot, A. Devie, B. Y. Liaw, K. Gering, S. Sazhin, D. Jamison, and C. Michelbacher. Evaluation of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells Based on Composite Positive Electrode for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Applications. IV. Over-Discharge Phenomena.-J. Electrochem. Soc., 2015, v.162 (9), p. A1787-A1792.  DOI:10.1149/2.0481509jes.</p><p> </p><p>H.W. Rollins, M.K. Harrup, E.J. Dufek, D.K. Jamison, S.V. Sazhin, K.L. Gering, D.L. Daubaras.  Fluorinated phosphazene co-solvents for improved thermal and safety performance in lithium-ion battery electrolytes. - J. Power Sources, 2014, v. 263, p. 66–74.  DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.04.015.</p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/SergiySazhin-800.jpg<div class="ExternalClassD695769CF12C4AC0809F702539E898B2"><p>​<a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/sergiy-sazhin-a0125b64">LinkedIn</a></p><p><a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergiy_Sazhin">ResearchGate</a></p><p><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=VcT29NMAAAAJ&hl=en">Google Scholar</a></p></div>Research and Development Scientist/Engineer
Yulun Zhang, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=786Yulun Zhang, Ph.D.Dr. Yulun Zhang is an Analytical Chemist and Postdoctoral Researcher in Idaho National Laboratory’s Energy Storage & Advanced Vehicles Department. His research specialties include electrochemical characterization and battery development. Since joining INL in 2019, his research includes 1) development of battery materials for DOE’s Battery500 project, 2) artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI-ML)-based analytics for battery diagnostics and prognostics. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from Xiamen University and his doctorate in Analytical Chemistry (Electrochemistry) from the University of Utah. He presented solutions to unsolved electrochemical challenges at the Next Generation Electrochemistry Meeting, held in Chicago in June 2017. In free time, He enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing and table tennis.<div class="ExternalClass17C701E719A04743B042FE9520A2D17C"><p>​Ph.D., Analytical (Electrochemistry) Chemistry, University of Utah</p><p>B.S., Chemistry, Xiamen University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass26D948877C5F4C88ADB45674647E615F"><p>​Y Zhang, K McKelvey, MA Edwards, JE Dick, AJ Bard, HS White, “Simultaneous size and electrocatalytic activity measurements of single Pt nanoparticles,” in preparation. </p><p><br>Y Zhang, DA Robinson, MA Edwards, K McKelvey, HS White, “Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction at Single sub-3 nm Pt Nanoparticles,” to be submitted.</p><p><br>Y Yu, V Sundaresan, S Bandyopadhyay, Y Zhang, MA Edwards, K McKelvey, HS White, KAWillets, “Three-dimensional super-resolution imaging of single nanoparticles delivered by pipettes,” ACS Nano, 2017, 11 (10), pp 10529–10538.</p><p><br>K McKelvey, SR German, Y Zhang, HS White, MA Edwards, “Nanopipettes as a Tool for Single Nanoparticle Electrochemistry,” Curr. Opin. Electrochem., 2017, 6, pp 4–9.</p><p><br>I Boussouar, Q Chen, X Chen, Y Zhang, F Zhang, D Tian, HS White, H Li, “Single Nanochannel Platform for Detecting Chiral Drugs,” Anal. Chem., 2017, 89 (2), pp 1110–1116. </p><p><br>Y Zhang, MA Edwards, SR German, HS White, “Multipass Resistive-Pulse Observations of the Rotational Tumbling of Individual Nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 2016, 120 (37), pp 20781–20788.</p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Zhang_P-10196-1.JPGAnalytical Chemist and Postdoctoral Researcher
Ningshengjie Gao, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=774Ningshengjie Gao, Ph.D.Dr. Ningshengjie (Ning) Gao is a postdoctoral research associate in Energy Storage Technology group at Idaho National Laboratory, investigating energy storage and conversion using electrochemical systems. Her research at INL includes Li-ion and Li metal battery testing, battery failure mechanism, and electrochemical CO2 reduction. In addition, she has solid background in bioenergy production from various waste streams and wastewater treatment by applying microbial electrochemical systems (MES). She holds a doctorate in biological and ecological engineering from Oregon State University and a bachelor’s in environmental science from Nankai University in China. She was involved in CO2 reduction project as an INL graduate intern in 2017. She has given presentations to the Battery500 Consortium, the International Society for Microbial Electrochemistry and Technology, and the World Engineers’ Summit. She routinely serves as a peer reviewer for journals in research community such as Intl Journal of Hydrogen Energy and Bioelectrochemistry.<div class="ExternalClass4E9828CDA8B946E7ADF650F725798E03"><p>​Ph.D., Biological and Ecological Engineering, Oregon State University</p><p>B.S., Environmental Science, Nankai University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass3B42A3E77B894C868F2327C6D12D8901"><p>​​Energy storage and conversion, electrochemical process, water treatment.</p></div><div class="ExternalClass3A41AFCBADE5459BB335499A474686D5"><p><strong>Book Chapter</strong>:</p><p>Gao N, Lesnik K, Bermek H and Liu H*. Chapter 8 Microbial Fuel Cell: From Fundamentals to Wastewater Treatment. Anaerobic Biotechnology: Environmental Protection and Resource Recovery. World Scientific. 2015, 163-189.<br></p><p><strong>Academic Journal Papers:</strong></p><p><span aria-hidden="true"></span> </p><p>Gao N, Fan Y, Wang L, Long F, Deng D, Liu H*. Accelerated Tests for Evaluating the Air-cathode Aging in Microbial Fuel Cells. Bioresource Technology 297, 122479.</p><p> </p><p>Gao N, Fan Y, Long F, Qiu Y, Geier W, Liu H*. Novel Trickling Microbial Fuel Cells for Electricity Generation from Wastewater. Chemosphere, 126058.</p><p> </p><p>Diaz L*, Gao N, Adhikari B, Lister T, Dufek E, Wilson A. Electrochemical Production of Syngas from CO2 Captured in Switchable Polarity Solvents. Green Chemistry 20 (3), 620-626.</p><p> </p><p>Gao N, Qu B, Xing Z, and Liu H*. Novel Current Collector-Free Polyethylene Sheet Air-Cathode for Microbial Fuel Cells. Energy 155, 763-771.</p><p> </p><p>Xing Z, Gao N, Qi Y, Ji X*, and Liu H*. (equal first author) Influence of Enhanced Carbon Crystallinity of Nanoporous Graphite on the Cathode Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells. Carbon 115, 271-278.</p><p> </p><p>Wang X, Gao N, Zhou Q*, Dong H, Yu H and Feng Y*. Acidic and Alkaline Pretreatments of Activated Carbon and Their Effects on the Performance of Air-cathodes in Microbial Fuel Cells. Bioresource Technology 144, 632-636.</p><p> </p><p>Diaz L*, Gao N, Adhikari B, Lister T, Dufek E, Wilson A. Electrochemical Production of Syngas from CO2 Captured in Switchable Polarity Solvents. Green Chemistry. 2018, 10.1039/c7gc03069j.</p><p><br>Xing Z, Gao N, Qi Y, Ji X*, and Liu H*. (equal first author) Influence of Enhanced Carbon Crystallinity of Nanoporous Graphite on the Cathode Performance of Microbial Fuel Cells. Carbon. 2017, 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.01.014.</p><p><br>Gao N, Qu B, Xing Z, and Liu H*. Novel Current Collector-Free Polyethylene Sheet Air-Cathode for Microbial Fuel Cells. Energy. 2017, submitted.</p><p><br>Wang L, Xie B, Gao N, Min B, and Liu H*. Urea Removal Coupled with Enhanced Electricity Generation in Single-Chambered Microbial Fuel Cells. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2017. 10.1007/s11356-017-9689-7.</p><p><br>Janicek A, Gao N, Fan Y and Liu H*. High Performance Activated Carbon/Carbon Cloth Cathodes for Microbial Fuel Cells. Fuel Cells, 2015, 10.1002/fuce.201500120.<br></p><p>Wang X, Gao N, Zhou Q*, Dong H, Yu H and Feng Y*. Acidic and Alkaline Pretreatments of Activated Carbon and Their Effects on the Performance of Air-cathodes in Microbial Fuel Cells. Bioresour. Technol, 2013, 144: 632-636.</p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Ningshengjie%20Gao.jpg<div class="ExternalClass80368FF7E39E40A2AD7F96C88D292044"><p>​<a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=NwmHQS4AAAAJ&view_op=list_works&sortby=pubdate">Google Scholar</a></p></div>Postdoctoral Researcher
Dr. John (Jack) Deppehttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=755Dr. John (Jack) DeppeDr. Jack Deppe is a battery relationship manager in Idaho National Laboratory's Energy Storage Group. Before joining INL in 2018 he was an energy storage consultant for more than 25 years, conducting applied and basic research on Li ion batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles for the U.S. Department of Energy Vehicle Technologies Office. He holds a bachelor's in physics from Drexel University and earned his master's and doctorate in physics at University of California Irvine. Deppe also serves on the Energy Storage Council of USDRIVE and the tech team of the United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC-TAC) where he represents VTO. In these capacities he reviews proposals, provides technical guidance to battery developers and research staff, and oversees battery R&D and development contracts in support of the DOE VTO’s mission. He has consulted with several small materials and battery companies, helping them to improve their technologies, and with venture capital firms whom he helps evaluate promising technologies.<div class="ExternalClass294D2195D56E4E8FA9E94480761727BB"><p>​Ph.D. Physics - University of California<br>M.S. Physics - University of California<br>B.S. Physics (Honors) - Drexel University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass05E22257523F48BB9E9B32D6C17D39B6"><p>​Materials Research Society (MRS), 2003-present <br>Electrochemical Society (ECS), 2001-present<br>American Associated for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2008-present</p></div>Energy Storage Technology;Infrastructure and Energy Storagehttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Jack%20Deppe%20headshot%202018.jpgBattery Relationship Manager with Idaho National Laboratory
Parmeswara Chinnamhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=821Parmeswara ChinnamParameswara Rao (“Paramesh”) Chinnam is a postdoctoral research associate in the Energy storage technology team at INL. Prior to INL, Paramesh worked in a startup company focusing on materials research and development for energy storage applications. He was a postdoctoral research associate at Temple University until March 2018. Paramesh graduated with a PhD degree in chemistry (materials and electrochemistry) from Temple University in 2015. He authored and co-authored 17 publications and 5 patents in the lithium, beyond lithium-ion and supercapacitors. Paramesh’s energy storage research has been highlighted in C&EN news in 2017. His research interests are the design, synthesis, characterization, testing, and optimization of lithium-ion, lithium metal, beyond Li-ion battery materials for energy storage applications. <div class="ExternalClass74B2D190EF8D40FEA8BAF2217731BA45"><p>Ph.D., Materials Chemistry – Temple University</p><p>M.Sc., Materials Chemistry – Banaras Hindu University<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClass0E81AF9B44EF4E80A5EF2C98E8F92285"><p>S. Chereddy, Chinnam, P.R*.; Chatare, V., S. P. Diluzio; S. L. Wunder, An alternative route to single ion conductivity: Self-assembly of multi-ionic salts. Mater. Horizons2018 5 (3), 461-473(Corresponding author)</p><p>Prakash. P; Aguirre. J; Van Vliet. M; Chinnam, P.R; Dikin. D; Zdilla. M; Venkatnathan. A; Wunder, S.L.; Unraveling the structural and dynamical complexity of the equilibrium liquid grain-binding layer in highly conductive organic crystalline electrolytes. J. Mater. Chem. A201857 (2), 557-564<br></p><p>I. McKendry; A. Thenuwara; S. Shumlas; H. Peng; Y. Aulin; Chinnam, P.R; E. Borguet; D. Strongin; M. J. Zdilla, Systematic doping of cobalt into layered manganese oxide sheets substantially enhances water oxidation catalysis. Inorg. Chem.201857(2), 557–564<br></p><p>Birane, F.; A.A Jalil, M. Gau, M. J. Zdilla, S.L. Wunderand Chinnam, P.R*, Crystal structure and ionic conductivity of the soft solid crystal: isoquinoline3•(LiCl)2. Ionics2018 24 (2), 343-349 (*Corresponding author)</p><p>Chinnam, P.R., S.L. Wunder., Engineered Interfaces in Hybrid Ceramic-Polymer Electrolytes for use in All-Solid-State Li Batteries. ACS Energy Lett.2017, 2, 134−138<br></p><p>Simotwo, Chinnam, P.R*., S.L. Wunder, V. Karla., Highly Durable, Self-Standing All Solid State Supercapacitor Based on Ionic Liquid-Rich Ionogel and Porous Carbon Nanofiber Electrodes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2017 9(39), 33749–33757 (*Corresponding author)</p><p>Chinnam, P.R*., and V. Karla., Ionic liquid gel gives supercapacitors a boost. C&EN News201795 (39), 10 Parameswara Rao Chinnam Page 38. </p><p>Chinnam, P.R.; Birane, F.; D. Dmitriy.; S.L. Wunder.; M.J. Zdilla, A self-binding, melt-castable, crystalline organic electrolyte for sodium ion conduction. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 1-5 (hot paper)</p><p>Chinnam, P.R*.; Chatare, V., S. Chereddy,  M. Ramya.; S.L. Wunder., Multi-ionic lithium salts increase lithium ion transference numbers in ionic liquid gel separators. J. Mater. Chem. A2016, 4, 14380-14391 (*Corresponding author, Advanced article)</p><p>M.; Ramya.; Chinnam, P.R*.;D. Dmitriy.; S.L. Wunder., High conductivity, high strength solid electrolytes formed by in situ encapsulation of ionic liquids in nanofibrillar methyl cellulose networks. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2016, 8 (21), 13426–13436 (*Corresponding author)</p><p>Chinnam, P. R.; M.; Ramya, Jimenez, J.; Zhang, H.; Sulkarni; Sheffield, J.; Wunder, S. L., Lamellar, Microphase Separated Blends of Methyl Cellulose and Dendritic Polyethylene Glycol, POSS-PEG. Carbohydr. Polym.2016, 136,19–29<br></p><p>Chinnam, P.R.; Rebecca N. Clymer.; Stephanie L. Wunder and Michael Zdilla.,Bulk-phase, low-barrier ion conduction in cocrystaline LiCl·N,N-dimethylformamide: A new paradigm for solid electrolytes based upon the Pearson Hard-Soft Acid-Base concept. Chem. Mater. 2015, 27, 5479−5482<br></p><p>Chinnam, P. R.; Zhang, H.; Wunder, S. L., Blends of Pegylated Polyoctahedralsilsesquioxanes (POSS-PEG) and Methyl Cellulose as Solid Polymer Electrolytes in Lithium Ion Batteries. Electrochim. Acta2015,170, 191–201<br></p><p>Chinnam, P.R.; M.R. Gau.; Michael Zdilla and S.L.Wunder.,The polyoctahedral silsesquioxane (POSS) 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15 octaphenylpentacyclo[9.5.1.13,9.15,15.17,13]-octasiloxane (octaphenyl-POSS), Acta Crystallogr. C2014, 70 (10), 971-974<br></p><p>Chinnam, P. R.; Wunder, S. L., Self-Assembled Janus-like Multi-Ionic Lithium Salts form Nano-structured Solid Polymer Electrolytes with High Conductivity and Li Ion Transference Number. J. Mater. Chem. A2013,1, (5), 1731-1739<br></p><p>Chinnam, P. R.; Wunder, S. L., Polyoctahedral Silsesquioxane-Nanoparticle Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries: POSS-Lithium Salts and POSS-PEGs. Chem. Mater.2011, 23, (23), 5111-5121<br></p><p>Archana P.; Chinnam, P.R, Angad Kumar S,; Rajiv Prakash, T.R. Rao.,Synthesis, Spectral and Electrochemical Studies of Co (II) and Zn (II) Complexes  of a Novel Schiff base Derived from Pyridoxal., Synth. React. Inorg. Met.-Org. Chem.,2009, 39, 129–132 <br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/ParameswaraChinnam.pngPostdoctoral Researcher
Sangwook Kim, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=823Sangwook Kim, Ph.D.Sangwook Kim is a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Energy Storage & Advanced Vehicles department at Idaho National Laboratory. Rojan earned his doctorate in electrical engineering from University of North Carolina Charlotte and holds a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Pulchowk Campus, Tribhuvan University, Nepal. During his Ph.D. program, he was awarded a 2018 INL graduate fellowship. His research interest includes mechanical stresses and battery degradation in Li-ion/Li metal batteries. At INL, he involves in machine learning project and XCEL (eXtreme Fast Charge Cell Evaluation) to identify the battery aging modes under fast-charging conditions. In his free time, Sangwook enjoys outdoor activities, such as biking, hiking, and camping in beautiful Idaho nature.<div class="ExternalClass742531F26C2D41DFA79680A89F148C7C"><p>Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering – North Carolina State University.<br></p><p><br></p><p>M.S., Mechanical Engineering – North Carolina State University.<br></p><p><br></p><p>B.S., Mechanical Engineering – Pusan National University.<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClass9561C16068394E64BD9C5406CF8DCC30"><p>S. Kim, A. Raj, B. Li, E. -J. Dufek, C. –C. Dickerson, H.-Y. Huang, B. Liaw, G. Pawar, “Correlation of electrochemical and mechanical responses: Differential analysis of rechargeable lithium metal cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 463, 228180, 2020.<br></p><p><br></p><p>A. Raj, C. -C. Dickerson, S. -C. Nagpure, S. Kim, C. Niu, J. Xiao, B. Liaw, E. –J. Dufek, “Communication—Pressure Evolution in Constrained Rechargeable Lithium-metal Pouch Cells,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 167 (2), 2020.<br></p><p><br></p><p>S. Kim, H. Chen, and H.-Y. Huang, “Coupled Mechanical and Electrochemical Analyses of 3D Reconstructed LiFePO4 by FIB/SEM in Lithium-Ion Batteries.” ASME Journal of Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage, 16(1), 2018.</p><p> <br></p><p>S. Kim, J. Wee, K. Peters, and H.-Y. Huang, “Multiphysics Coupling in Lithium-ion Battery with Reconstructed Porous Microstructures,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122 (10), 2017.</p><p> <br></p><p>S. Kim and H.-Y. Huang, "Mechanical Stresses at the Cathode-Electrolyte Interface in Lithium-ion Batteries,'' Journal of Materials Research, 31 (21), 2016 .<br></p><p><br></p><p>S. Kim “Stresses at Electrode-Electrolyte Interface in Lithium-ion Batteries via Multiphysics Modeling,” Thesis, North Carolina State University, 2015.</p><p> <br></p><p>S.-H. Kim, S. Kim, D. Lee, “Understanding size selection of nanoparticles using a differential mobility analyzer (DMA) and its performance enhancement", Particle and Aerosol Research, 10, 2014<br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/SangwookKim.pngPostdoctoral Researcher
Bin Lihttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=824Bin LiDr. Bin Li is a senior staff engineer/scientist in the directorate of Energy and Environmental Science & Technology at Idaho National Laboratory, leading the research thrusts in the area of transportation and stationary energy storage technologies, spanning from discovering new materials and developing novel technologies for lithium ion and Li metal batteries, redox flow batteries and zinc ion battery to understanding failure modes for batteries impact life and performance. He serves as the technical lead on energy storage R&D at INL and Principle Investigator for multi-projects awarded by DOE. Prior to joining INL, he was a senior scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dr. Li received his Ph.D. in material science & engineering from Tsinghua University. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (2010-2011). Dr. Li has published more than 50 peer-reviewed journal papers (Google H-index:34) and filed 10 US patents (issued and pending, one of them was licensed by industries) in the area of energy storage and conversion research area. Dr. Li is also interested in and good at H2/NH3 generation through electrochemical methods, fuel cells, electrolyzers and electrochemical catalysts as well as technology transfer. <div class="ExternalClassCF64C59AE6B64EC8B82A8ECFD860A3E4"><p>Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering – Tsinghua University</p><p>B.S., Materials Science and Engineering – University of Science and Technology<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClass6419A9297C104BB8B08826E1B1A74AB9"><p>Electrochemical Society<br> American Chemical Society</p><p>Materials Research Society<br> Active Reviewer for ACS, Elsevier, Wiley and NPG journals<br> Proposal reviewer for DOE offices<br> Active conference/symposium invited speaker, organizer and chair in the area of energy storage for several professional organizations including MRS, ECS, and ACS.</p><p>Invited Media Interview on the development direction of flow batteries in Annual Next-Generation Energy Storage<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClass348CA3D4A2F74364BB855C2AA6214D3F"><div dir="ltr" style="text-align:left;"></div><p style="text-align:left;">Pan H, <span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">B Li</span>*, Z Nie, D Mei, M Vijayakumar, G Li, V Sprenkle, J Liu. 2017. "Controlling Solid-Liquid Conversion Reactions for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc-iodine Battery."<strong><em> </em></strong> <strong><em>ACS Energy Letters</em></strong> 2:2674-2680 </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, Z Nie, M Vijayakumar, G Li, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2015. "Ambipolar zinc-polyiodide electrolyte for a high-energy density aqueous redox flow battery." <strong><em>Nature Communications</em></strong> 6: Article No. 6303.   </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span><span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">*</span> and J Liu. 2017. " Progresses and directions in low-cost redox flow batteries for large-scale energy storage." <strong><em>National Science Review</em></strong> 4 (1): 91 <strong><em>(Invited)</em></strong> </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">*</span>, J Liu, Z Nie, W Wang, DM Reed, J Liu, BP McGrail, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Metal-organic frameworks as highly active electrocatalysts for high-energy density, aqueous zinc-polyiodide redox flow batteries." <strong><em>Nano Letters</em></strong> 16(7):4335-4340 </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, M Gu, Z Nie, X Wei, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2014. "Nanorod Niobium Oxide as Powerful Catalysts for an All Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ." <strong><em>Nano Letters</em></strong> 14(1):158-165. </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, Q Luo, X Wei, Z Nie, EC Thomsen, B Chen, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2014. "Capacity Decay Mechanism of Microporous Separator-Based All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries and its Recovery." <strong><em>ChemSusChem</em></strong> 7(2):577-584. </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, J Zhang, TC Kaspar, V Shutthanandan, RC Ewing, and J Lian. 2013. "Multilayered YSZ/GZO films with greatly enhanced ionic conduction for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells." <strong><em>Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics</em></strong>. PCCP 15(4):1296-1301. </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, M Gu, Z Nie, Y Shao, Q Luo, X Wei, X Li, J Xiao, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2013. "Bismuth Nanoparticle Decorating Graphite Felt as a High-Performance Electrode for an All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>Nano Letters</em></strong> 13(3):1330-1335. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Reed DM, EC Thomsen, <span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">B Li</span>*, W Wang, Z Nie, BJ Koeppel, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Performance of a Low Cost Interdigitated Flow Design on a 1 kW Class All Vanadium Mixed Acid Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong> 306:24-31. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Reed DM, EC Thomsen, <span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">B Li</span>*, W Wang, Z Nie, BJ Koeppel, JP Kizewski, and VL Sprenkle. 2016. "Stack Developments in a kW class all vanadium mixed acid redox flow battery at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory." <strong><em>Journal of the Electrochemical Society </em></strong>163(1):A5211-A5219. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Estevez L, DM Reed, Z Nie, AM Schwarz, MI Nandasiri, JP Kizewski, W Wang, EC Thomsen, J Liu, J Zhang, VL Sprenkle, and <span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">B Li</span>*. 2016. " Tunable oxygen functional groups as electro-catalysts on graphite felt surfaces for all vanadium flow batteries. "<strong><em>ChemSusChem</em></strong><strong><em>  </em></strong>9(12):1455-1461. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, <span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">B Li</span><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">*</span>, and W Wang. 2015. "Porous Polymeric Composite Separators for Redox Flow Batteries." <strong><em>Polymer Reviews</em></strong> 55(2):247-272. <strong><em>(I</em></strong><strong><em>nvited)</em></strong> </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, L Li, W Wang, Z Nie, B Chen, X Wei, Q Luo, Z Yang, and VL Sprenkle. 2013. "Fe/V Redox Flow Battery Electrolyte Investigation and Optimization." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong> 229:1-5. </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, X Wei, W Pan. 2008. " Electrical properties of Mg-doped Gd<sub>0.1</sub>Ce<sub>0.9</sub>O<sub>1.95</sub> under different sintering conditions. " <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong><strong> </strong>183 (2):498-505.  </p><p style="text-align:left;"><span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;">Li B</span>, X Wei, W Pan. 2009. "<a href="http://apps.isiknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=UA&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=1&SID=1AM2i3I%402e2pFo7Acbb&page=1&doc=1&colname=WOS">Synthesis of doped ceria-zirconia core-shell nanocomposites via sol-gel process</a>. " <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong><strong> </strong>193 (2):598-601.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Li B, YY Liu, Wei X, W Pan. 2010. "Electrical properties of ceria co-doped with Sm<sup>3+</sup> and Nd<sup>3+</sup><strong>."</strong><strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong><strong> </strong>195 (4):969-976.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Li B, W Liu, W Pan. 2010. "Synthesis and electrical properties of apatite-type La<sub>10</sub>Si<sub>6</sub>O<sub>27</sub>." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong><strong> </strong>195 (8): 2196-2201.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Li B, X Wei, W Pan. 2010. "Improved electrical conductivity of Ce<sub>0.9</sub>Gd<sub>0.1</sub>O<sub>1.95</sub> and Ce<sub>0.9</sub>Sm<sub>0.1</sub>O<sub>1.95</sub> by co-doping." <strong><em>Int. J. Hydrogen </em></strong><strong><em>Energ</em></strong><em>.</em> 35: 3018–3022. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Duan, W, J Huang, JA Kowalski, IA Shkrob, M Vijayakumar, E Walter, B Pan, Z Yang, Milshtein JD, B Li, C Liao. 2017. "Wine-Dark Sea" in an Organic Flow Battery: Storing Negative Charge in 2, 1, 3-Benzothiadiazole Radicals Leads to Improved Cyclability." <strong><em>ACS Energy Letters</em></strong> 2 (5):1156-1161. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Cheng Y, L Luo, L Zhong, J Chen, B Li, W Wang, SX Mao, CM Wang, VL Sprenkle, G Li, and J Liu. 2016. "Highly Reversible Zinc-ion Intercalation with Chevrel Phase Mo6S8 Nanocubes and Applications for Advanced Zinc-ion Batteries." <strong><em>ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces</em></strong> 8(22):13673-13677. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Vijayakumar M, Q Luo, RB Lloyd, Z Nie, X Wei, B Li, VL Sprenkle, JD Londono, M Unlu, and W Wang. 2016. "Tuning the perfluorosulfonic acid membrane morphology for vanadium redox flow batteries." <strong><em>ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces</em></strong> 8(50):34327-34334. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, W Duan, J Huang, L Zhang, B Li, DM Reed, W Xu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2016. "A High-Current, Stable Nonaqueous Organic Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>ACS Energy Letters</em></strong> 1(4):705-711. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Shao Y, Y Cheng, W Duan, W Wang, B Li, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2015.  "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: A Selected Review." <strong><em>ACS Catalysis</em></strong> 5(12): 7288-7298. (Invited) </p><p style="text-align:left;">Reed DM, EC Thomsen, W Wang, Z Nie, B Li, X Wei, BJ Koeppel, and VL Sprenkle. 2015. "Performance of Nafion -N115, Nafion-NR-212, and Nafion-NR-211 in a 1 kW Class All Vanadium Mixed Acid Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong> 285:425-430. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, G Xia, BW Kirby, EC Thomsen, B Li, Z Nie, GL Graff, J Liu, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "An Aqueous Redox Flow Battery Based on Neutral Alkali Metal Ferri/ferrocyanide and Polysulfide Electrolytes." J<strong><em>ournal of the Electrochemical Society</em></strong> 163(1):A5150-A5153. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Crawford AJ, VV Viswanathan, DE Stephenson, W Wang, EC Thomsen, DM Reed, B Li, PJ Balducci, MCW Kintner-Meyer, and VL Sprenkle. 2015. "Comparative analysis for various redox flow batteries chemistries using a cost performance model." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources </em></strong>293:388-399. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Vijayakumar M, N Govind, B Li, X Wei, Z Nie, S Thevuthasan, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Aqua-vanadyl ion interaction with Nafion membranes." <strong><em>Frontiers in Energy Research</em></strong> 3:Article No. 10. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, W Xu, J Huang, L Zhang, ED Walter, CW Lawrence, M Vijayakumar, WA Henderson, TL Liu, L Cosimbescu, B Li, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2015. "Radical Compatibility with Nonaqueous Electrolytes and Its Impact on an All-Organic Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>Angewandte</em></strong><strong><em> </em></strong><strong><em>Chemie</em></strong><strong><em> International Edition </em></strong>127(30):8808-8811. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Viswanathan VV, AJ Crawford, DE Stephenson, S Kim, W Wang, B Li, GW Coffey, EC Thomsen, GL Graff, PJ Balducci, MCW Kintner-Meyer, and VL Sprenkle. 2014. "Cost and Performance Model for Redox Flow Batteries." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong> 247:1040-1051. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, Q Luo, B Li, Z Nie, E Miller, J Chambers, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang. 2013. "Performance Evaluation of Microporous Separator in Fe/V Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>ECS Transactions </em></strong>45(26):17-24. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, Z Nie, Q Luo, B Li, B Chen, KL Simmons, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2013.  "Nanoporous Polytetrafluoroethylene/Silica Composite Separator as a High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Membrane." <strong><em>Advanced Energy Materials </em></strong>3(9):1215-1220. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, Z Nie, Q Luo, B Li, VL Sprenkle, and W Wang.  2013. "Polyvinyl Chloride/Silica Nanoporous Composite Separator for All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Applications." <strong><em>Journal of the Electrochemical Society</em></strong> 160(8):A1215 - A1218. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Luo Q, L Li, W Wang, Z Nie, X Wei, B Li, B Chen, Z Yang, and VL Sprenkle. 2013. "Capacity Decay and Remediation of Nafion-based All-Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries." <strong><em>ChemSusChem</em></strong> 6(2):268-274. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wang W, Q Luo, B Li, X Wei, L Li, and Z Yang. 2013. "Recent Progress in Redox Flow Battery Research and Development." <strong><em>Advanced Functional Materials</em></strong> 23(8):970-986.(<strong><em>invited</em></strong>) </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, L Li, Q Luo, Z Nie, W Wang, B Li, G Xia, E Miller, J Chambers, and Z Yang. 2012. "Microporous Separators for Fe/V Redox Flow Batteries." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources </em></strong>218(1):39-45. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Luo Q, L Li, Z Nie, W Wang, X Wei, B Li, B Chen, and Z Yang. 2012. "In-situ Investigation of Vanadium Ion Transport in Redox Flow Battery." <strong><em>Journal of Power Sources</em></strong> 218(1):15-20. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Liu YY, B Li, X Wei, W Pan. 2008. "<a href="http://apps.isiknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=UA&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=1&SID=1AM2i3I%402e2pFo7Acbb&page=1&doc=5&colname=WOS">Citric-nitrate combustion synthesis and electrical conductivity of the Sm<sup>3+</sup> and Nd<sup>3+</sup> co-doped ceria electrolyte</a>." <strong><em>J. Am. Ceram. Soc.</em></strong><em> </em>91 (12):3926-3930.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Liu W, B Li, HQ Liu, W Pan. 2011. "Electrical conductivity of textured Sm<sup>3+</sup> and Nd<sup>3+</sup> Co-doped CeO2 thin-film electrolyte."<strong><em> </em></strong><strong><em>Electrochimica</em></strong><strong><em> Acta</em></strong>:3334-3337.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Liu W, B Li, HQ Liu, W Pan. 2011. "<a href="http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=UA&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=2&SID=3Bojkhn55LGHOjc6B7n&page=1&doc=1">Fabrication of Sm<sup>3+</sup> and Nd<sup>3+</sup> co-doped CeO<sub>2 </sub>thin-film electrolytes by radio frequency magnetron sputtering</a>."<strong><em> </em></strong><strong><em>Electrochimica</em></strong><strong><em> Acta</em></strong> 56:8329-8333. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Wei X, W Pan, LF Cheng, B Li. 2009. "<a href="http://apps.isiknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=UA&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=1&SID=1AM2i3I%402e2pFo7Acbb&page=1&doc=3&colname=WOS">Atomistic calculation of association energy in doped ceria</a>." <em>Solid State Ionics </em>180 (1):13-17.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Liu W, YY Liu, B Li , W Pan. 2010. "Ceria (Sm<sup>3+</sup>, Nd<sup>3+</sup>)/carbonates composite electrolytes with high electrical conductivity at low temperature." <strong><em>Comp. Sci. & Tech </em></strong><em>.</em><em><strong> </strong></em>70:181-185.  </p><p style="text-align:left;">Li HP, W Zhang, B Li, W Pan. 2010. "Diameter dependent Photocatalytic Activity of Electrospun TiO2 Nanofiber." J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93:2503-2506.<br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/BinLi.jpgSenior staff engineer/scientist
Bor-Rong Chenhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=812Bor-Rong ChenDr. Bor-Rong (Hypo) Chen is a postdoctoral research associate in the Energy Storage Technology group at Idaho National Laboratory. Her research focuses on the development of a framework combining materials science and machine learning to predict the lifetime and aging mechanisms of lithium ion batteries. Bor-Rong has a Ph.D. from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Northwestern University and a B.Sc. from National Taiwan University. Before joining Idaho National Laboratory, Bor-Rong was a postdoctoral researcher at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, where she specialized in X-ray scattering and spectroscopy. In addition to materials characterization, Bor-Rong is also experienced in the synthesis of metastable transition metal oxides and nitrides. <div class="ExternalClass822D04824BA146F588E59C5DAD82187B"><p>​Ph.D, Department of Materials Science and Engineering - Northwestern University<br></p><p>M.S., Department of Materials Science and Engineering - National Tsing Hua University<br></p><p>B.S., Department of Materials Science and Engineering- National Taiwan University<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClassA7B1190FB08D48599C573C472A5205F0"><p>W. Sun, C. Bartel, E. Arca, S.Bauers, B. Matthews, B. Orvañanos, B. R. Chen,  L. Schelhas,  M. F. Toney, W. Tumas , J. Tate, A. Zakutayev, S. Lany, A. Holder, G. Ceder,  "A Map of the Inorganic Ternary Metal Nitrides", Nature Communications(2019). (doi: 10.1038/s41563-019-0396-2).<br></p><p><br></p><p>E. Arca, J. D Perkins, S. Lany, A. Mis, B. R. Chen, P. Dippo, J. L Partridge, W. Sun, A. Holder, A. C. Tamboli, M. F. Toney, L. T. Schelhas, G. Ceder, W.T umas, G. Teeter, A. Zakutayev "Zn2SbN3: growth and characterization of a metastable photoactive semiconductor", Materials Horizons(2019)(doi: 10.1039/C9MH00369J).<br></p><p><br></p><p>B.R. Chen, W. Sun, D.A. Kitchaev, J. S. Mangum, V. Thampy, L. M. Garten, D.G. Ginley, B. P. Gorman, K. H. Stone, G. Ceder, M. F. Toney, L. T. Schelhas, "Understanding crystallization pathways leading to manganese oxide polymorph formation", Nature Communications (2018)(doi:  10.1038/s41467-018-04917-y)* This work was highlighted on SLAC front page:  <a href="https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2018-07-02-x-ray-experiment-confirms-theoretical-model-making-new-materials.aspx">https://www6.slac.stanford.edu/news/2018-07-02-x-ray-experiment-confirms-theoretical-model-making-new-materials.aspx</a>.<br></p><p><br></p><p>B.R. Chen, L. A. Crosby, C. George, R. M. Kennedy, N. M. Schweitzer, P.C. Stair, L. D. Marks, K.R. Poeppelmeier, R.P. Van Duyne, and M.J. Bedzyk, "Morphology and CO oxidation Activity of Pd nanoparticles on SrTiO3nanopolyhedra", ACS Catalysis(2018)(doi: 10.1021/acscatal.7b04173).<br></p><p><br></p><p>L.A. Crosby, B.R. Chen, R. M Kennedy, J. Wen, K. R Poeppelmeier, M.J Bedzyk, and L.D. Marks, "All roads lead to TiO2: Solvothermal Synthesis of Titanates", Chemistry of Materials (2018) (doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04404).<br></p><p><br></p><p>A.R. Mouat, C. Whitford,B.R. Chen, F. Parras, M. M. Pruski, M. Delferro, R.Q. Snurr, M. J. Bedzyk, P. C. Stair, and T. J. Marks, " Synthesis of monodisperse Pd nanoparticles from a single-site palladium surface complex by alkene reduction", Chemistry of Materials (2018) (doi: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b04909).<br></p><p><br></p><p>L. A. Crosby, R. M. Kennedy, B.R. Chen, J. Wen, K. R. Poeppelmeier, P. C Stair, M. J. Bedzyk, L.D. Marks,"Complex surface structure of (110) terminated strontium titanate nanododecahedra", Nanoscale, 816606-16611.​(doi: 10.1039/C6NR05516H).</p><p><br></p><p>B.R. Chen, C. George, Y. Lin, L. Hu, L. Crosby, X. Hu, P.C. Stair, L. D. Marks, K.R. Poeppelmeier, R.P. Van Duyne, and M.J. Bedzyk, "Morphology and oxidation state of ALD-grown Pd nanoparticles on TiO2-and SrO-terminated SrTiO3nanocuboids ",Surface Science, 648291-298 (2016) (doi:10.1016/j.susc.2015.10.057).<br></p><p><br></p><p>T. W. Day, K. S. Weldert, W. G. Zeier, B.R. Chen, S. L. Moffitt, U. Weis, K. P. Jochum, M. Panthöfer, M. J. Bedzyk, G. J. Snyder, and W. Tremel, "Influence of compensating defect formation on the doping efficiency and thermoelectric properties of Cu2-ySe1–xBrx", Chemistry of Materials, 277018-7027 (2015)  (doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02405).<br></p><p><br></p><p>T.W. Pi, B.R. Chen, M.L. Huang, T.H. Chiang, G.K. Wertheim, M.Hong and J. Kwo, "Surface-Atom Core-Level Shift in GaAs(111)A-2x2", Journal of the Physical Societyof Japan, 81064603 (2012) (doi:10.1143/JPSJ.81.064603).<br></p><p><br></p><p>Y.H.Chang, M.L.Huang, P.Chang, J.Y.Shen, B.R.Chen, C.L.Hsu, T.W.Pi,M.Hong, J.Kwo,"In situatomic layer deposition and synchrotron-radiation photoemission study of Al2O3on pristine n-GaAs(0 0 1)-4 × 6 surface", Microelectronic Engineering, 881101-1104 (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2011.03.064).<br></p><p><br></p><p>Y.H. Chang , M.L. Huang, P. Chang, C.A. Lin, Y.J. Chu, B.R. Chen, C.L. Hsu, J.Kwo,  T.W. Pi and M.Hong, "Electrical properties and interfacial chemical environments of in-situ atomic layer deposited Al2O3on freshly molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs", Microelectronic Engineering, 88440-443 (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.mee.2010.09.015).<br></p><p><br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/BorRongChen.jpg<div class="ExternalClass080D1BC07FB6459099A97C9FB5E88DE3"><p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/brchen">​LinkedI​n</a><br></p><p><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=fSH3fsoAAAAJ&hl=en">Google Scholar</a><br></p></div>Postdoctoral Researcher
Corey Efawhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=814Corey EfawCorey Efaw joined the Energy Storage team in August 2019 as a Graduate Fellow. He’s concurrently acquiring his PhD in Materials Science & Engineering from Boise State University as part of the DOE’s INL Graduate Fellowship Program. He has research experience with zirconium alloys as a nuclear reactor cladding, as well as lightweight alloy (Al, Mg) corrosion mechanisms. His dissertation focus is on modifying lithium metal anodes for improved surface stability, along with utilizing many characterization techniques to acquire spatially resolved surface properties.<div class="ExternalClass347A7F073E9045DE890B0877F72E30B7"><p style="text-align:justify;">Ph.D., Materials Science and Engineering – Boise State University</p><p style="text-align:justify;">B.S., Mechanical Engineering – Boise State University<br></p></div><div class="ExternalClass8DC5B67EF5F3484CBA3638F3152B4342"><p>C.M. Efaw, J.L. Vandegrift, M. Reynolds, B.J. Jaques, H. Hu, H. Xiong, and M.F. Hurley, Characterization of Zirconium Oxides Part II: New Insights on the Growth of Zirconia Revealed Through Complementary High-Resolution Mapping Techniques, accepted in Corr. Sci. (2020). doi:TBA </p><p>C.M. Efaw, J.L. Vandegrift, M. Reynolds, S. McMurdie, B.J. Jaques, H. Hu, H. Xiong, and M.F. Hurley, Characterization of Zirconium Oxides Part I: Raman Mapping and Spectral Feature Analysis, Nuclear Materials and Energy21,100707(2019). doi:10.1016/j.nme.2019.100707 </p><p>A. Kvryan, C.M. Efaw, K.A. Higginbotham, O.O. Maryon, P.H. Davis, E.Graugnard, H.K. Trivedi, and M.F. Hurley, Corrosion Initiation and Propagation on Carburized Martensitic Stainless Steel Surfaces Studied via Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy, Materials12(6), 940 (2019). doi:10.3390/ma12060940 </p><p>C.M. Efaw, T. da Silva, P.H. Davis, L. Li, and M.F. Hurley, Toward Improving Ambient Volta Potential Measurements with SKPFM for Corrosion Studies, J. Electrochem. Soc.166(11), C3018(2019). doi:10.1149/2.0041911jes </p><p>C. Efaw, T. da Silva, P. Davis, L. Li, E.Graugnard, and M. Hurley, Improving the Relative Calculations of Volta Potential Differences Acquired from Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (SKPFM) from Comparing an Inert Material to First-Principle Calculations, J. Electrochem. Soc. Trans. 85(13), 701 (2018). doi:10.1149/08513.0701ecst </p><p>P.H. Davis, C.M. Efaw, L.K. Patten, C. Hollar, C. Watson, B. Knowlton, and P. Müllner, Localized Deformation in Ni-Mn-Ga Single Crystals, J. Appl. Phys. 123(21), 215102 (2018). doi:10.1063/1.5026572 </p><p>T.H. da Silva, E.B. Nelson, I. Williamson, C.M. Efaw, E. Sapper, M.F. Hurley, and L. Li, First-principles surface interaction studies of aluminum-copper and aluminum-copper-magnesium secondary phases in aluminum alloys, Appl. Surf. Sci. 439, 910 (2018). doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.12.256 </p><p>A. Kvryan, K. Livingston, C.M. Efaw, K. Knori, B.J. Jacques, P.H. Davis, D.P. Butt, and M.F. Hurley, Microgalvanic Corrosion Behavior of Cu-Ag Active Braze Alloys Investigated with SKPFM, Metals 6, 91 (2016). doi:10.3390/met6040091 </p><p>M. F. Hurley, C. M. Efaw, P. H. Davis, J. R. Croteau, E. Graugnard and N. Birbilis, Volta Potentials Measured by Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy as Relevant to Corrosion of Magnesium Alloys, Corrosion 71 (2), 160 (2015).doi:10.5006/1432<br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/CoreyEfaw.pngGraduate Fellow
Meng Lihttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=815Meng LiMeng Li is currently a postdoctoral fellow working at Idaho National Laboratory, USA. She received her B.E in Materials Science and Engineering from Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), China in Jun 2012, and earned her Ph.D. degree in Materials Science from HUST in Dec 2016. Then she joined the University of Alberta, Canada, as a postdoctoral fellow of Materials Engineering and worked there until Feb 2019. She is the author of over 35 published papers covering advanced materials for solid oxide electrochemical cells, aqueous electrolyzer for water/CO2 splitting and density functional theory simulation for electrochemical reactions.<div class="ExternalClassAC64CF1031CE40A9A32E70959EA8E8E1"><p>Ph.D., Materials Science – Huazhong University of Science and Technology</p><p>B.S., Materials Science and Engineering – Huazhong University of Science and Technology<br></p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/MengLi.jpgPostdoctoral Fellow
Qiang Wang, Ph.D.https://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=800Qiang Wang, Ph.D.Dr. Qiang Wang is a senior staff engineer/scientist in the directorate of Energy and Environmental Science & Technology at Idaho National Laboratory, focusing on the research field of core-electrochemistry which is applied to new energy storage, conversion and critical elements recovery. He employs his fundamental understanding about electrochemistry on battery degradation mechanism, Diagnostic Testing and Prognostic Analysis of electrochemical systems at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), combining with Machine Learning data analysis. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from Center China Normal University and his doctorate in physical chemistry from Wuhan University in China. Before joining INL, he worked at Worcester Polytechnic Institute as a faculty and a postdoctoral research associate from 2014 to 2019. He worked as visiting scholar at Pacific Northwest National Lab from 2013 to 2014 and worked as a postdoctoral research associate at Umass Boston from 2011 to 2013.<div class="ExternalClass9145A7D108B249E2A2CC74A399B78149"><p>​M.S., Chemistry, Wuhan University<br>B.S., Chemistry, Huazhong Normal University</p></div><div class="ExternalClass1875B806B7574167846C14881F973902"><p>​Material Research Society Since 2016<br>Sigma Xi Research Society, associate member 2016<br>Alpha Sigma Mu 2015<br>The Electrochemical Society 2011</p></div><div class="ExternalClass23F4D97A889C410F88ABD5AE365FB70D"><p>​Qiang Wang, Yan Wang, Fundamental Electrochemical Behavior of Antimony in Alkaline Solution, J. Sustain. Metall., DOI: 10.1007/s40831-019-00253-7. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Yan Wang, Re-examination of CuO Reduction Steps and Understanding of the Factors Influencing the Cyclic Voltammetry Profile of CuO, J. Electrochem. Soc., 2018, 165(11), A2439-A2445. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Mingchao Shang, Yong Zhang, Yuan Yang and Yan Wang, Rate-limiting Step in the Batteries with Metal Oxides as the Energy Materials, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2018, 10(8), 7162-7170. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Bobin Fu, and Yan Wang, Iron Shell Formation by Electrolyzing Self-assembled Nano-particles, J. Electrochem. Soc., 2017, 164(13), E428-E433. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Bobin Fu, and Yan Wang, The Factors Determining Charge Rate of Magnetite Electrode and the Functional Mechanism of Sulfide on the Reaction, Electrochim. Acta, 2017, 258, 143-152.</p><p> <br>Qiang Wang, Yan Wang, Overcoming the Limiting Step of Fe2O3 Reduction via in Situ Sulfide Modification, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8(16), 10334–10342. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Yi Zhu, Qiuyang Wu, Eric Gratz, Yan Wang, Low Temperature Electrolysis for Iron Production via Conductive Colloidal Electrode, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 5501-5507. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Jianming Zheng, Eric Walter, Huilin Pan, Dongping Lv,Pengjian Zuo, Honghao Chen, Z. Daniel Deng, Bor Yann Liaw, Xiqian Yu, Xiaoqing Yang, Ji-Guang Zhang, Jun Liu, and Jie Xiao, Direct Observation of Sulfur Radicals as Reaction Media in Lithium Sulfur Batteries, J. Electrochem. Soc., 2015, 162(3), A474-A478.</p><p> <br>Qiang Wang, Dong Zheng, Meaghan E McKinnon, Xiao-Qing Yang, Deyang Qu, Kinetic Investigation of Catalytic Disproportionation of Superoxide Ions in the Non-aqueous Electrolyte Used in Li–air Batteries, J. Power Source, 2015, 274, 1005-1008. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Xiao-Qing Yang, Deyang Qu, In-situ ESR Electrochemical Investigation for Oxygen Reduction in Non-aqueous Electrolyte, Carbon, 2013, 61, 336 -341. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Chuan-Sin Cha, Juntao Lu and Lin Zhuang, Ionic Conductivity of Pure Water in Charged Porous Matrix, ChemPhysChem, 2012, 13, 514 -519. </p><p><br>Qiang Wang, Chuan-Sin Cha, Juntao Lu, Lin Zhuang, The Electrochemistry of “Solid/Water” Interfaces Involved in PEM-H2O Reactors. Part I. The “Pt/Water” Interfaces, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009, 11, 679-687. </p><p><br>Ming Liang, Dawei Song, Hongzhou Zhang, Xixi Shi, Qiang Wang, and Lianqi Zhang, Improved Performances of LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Material Employing NaAlO2 as a New Aluminum Sources, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9(44), 38567–38574. </p><p><br>Joseph Heelan, Eric Gratz, Zhangfeng Zheng, Qiang Wang, Mengyuan Chen, Diran Apelian, Yan Wang, Current and Prospective Li-ion Battery Recycling and Recovery Processes, JOM, 2016, 68(10), 2632-2638. </p><p><br>Honghao Chen, Samuel Cartmell, Qiang Wang, Terence Lozano, Z. Daniel Deng, Huidong Li, Xilin Chen, Yong Yuan, Mark E. Gross, Thomas J. Carison, Jie Xiao, Micro-battery Development for Juvenile Salmon Acoustic Telemetry System Applications, Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 3790. </p><p><br>Dong Zheng, Qiang Wang, H. S. Lee, Xiao Qing Yang, Deyang Qu, Catalytic Disproportionation of the Superoxide Intermediate from the Electrochemical O2 Reduction in Non-aqueous Electrolytes, Chem. Eur. J, 2013, 19, 8679-8683</p><p>. <br>Hongliang Huang, Qiang Wang, Chuan-Sin Cha, Juntao Lu, Lin Zhuang, A Reference Electrode System for Electrochemical Measurement in Pure Water, Electroanalysis, 2011, 23, 577-582. </p><p><br>Cha Chua-Sin, Huang Hong-Liang, Wang Qiang, Analysis on the Thermodynamic Stability of Noble Metal and Valve Metal Elements in PEM-water Electrochemical Reactors by Applying the pH-potential-stability Diagrams Method, Chem J Chinese U, 2008, 29, 2479-2483.</p></div>Energy Storage Technologyhttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/Qiang%20Wang%20Portrait%20(1).JPG<div class="ExternalClass64F32864884F4490969A39A360D82F37"><p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/in/qiang-wang-b487845b/">​Linkedin</a></p></div>Senior staff engineer/scientist

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